Renal cysts change the size of the kidneys and reduce their ability to function normally. Over time, the disease progresses and can lead to serious complications.
Polycystic kidney disease or polycystic kidney disease is a hereditary condition characterized by the development of fluid-filled cysts that gradually replace most of the tissues in both kidneys. These cysts, of different sizes, reduce kidney function. If the cysts become large and numerous, kidney failure may occur.
There is also a juvenile form of the disease that is usually diagnosed at birth. But polycystic kidney symptoms most often occur in adults between the ages of 30 and 40. It is manifested by pain, either in the lower back or abdomen, blood in the urine, increased blood pressure and, less often, cysts on the liver and pancreas. The disease has a long evolution (10-20 years) and can lead, over time, to kidney failure.
How to make the diagnosis
The diagnostic method is ultrasound. Computed tomography (CT) is the most effective, because this way the doctor can have an accurate picture of where the cysts are and their size. Brief examination of urine may indicate the presence of albuminuria and hematuria. And a biochemical examination of the blood shows an increase in urea and creatinine levels in the advanced stages of the disease, with the onset of chronic renal failure.
1. High blood pressure
It is a common complication of polycystic kidney disease. Untreated, it can cause kidney damage and increase the risk of heart disease and stroke. It is good to know that careful control of high blood pressure can help slow down kidney damage.