This announcement was made by the Deputy Minister of Health (Wamenkes) Dante Saksono at the Indonesian Innovation for Indonesia Recover Post-pandemic event, which was broadcast live on the channel YouTube Kemenristek / Brin, Tuesday (2/3/2021).
He confirmed that the mutation of the corona virus from England or B.1.1.7 had entered Indonesia. There are two cases of Covid-19 with this corona virus mutation.
“Last night I received information that in exactly one year today we have found the B.1.1.7 UK mutation in Indonesia fresh from the oven only last night found two cases, “said Dante.
So, what is a mutation of the corona virus B.1.1.7? Here are the facts about the mutation of the corona virus B.1.1.7 that has entered Indonesia:
1. WGS detection method
Dante explained that the findings of two cases of mutations B117 found from the results of examination of 462 samples using the genome sequencing method or Whole Genome Sequence (WGS), which has been done over the last few months.
Reporting from the Center for Outbreak Control and Prevention (CDC), WGS is a laboratory procedure that determines the order of bases in the genome of an organism by one process.
The WGS helps link one case under study to other cases so that outbreaks can be detected and resolved more quickly.
Dante said, with the findings of two cases related to the B.1.1.7 mutation, Indonesia will face the Covid-19 pandemic with an increasingly severe level of difficulty.
2. Name B.1.1.7
Chairman of the Covid-19 Task Force of the Indonesian Doctors Association (IDI) Prof. Dr. Zubairi Djoerban revealed, the naming of B.1.1.7 or VUI 202012/01 is the name of a variant of the corona virus that has spread in the UK.
“VUI stands for Variant Under Investigation (VUI) 2020, month 12, variant 01, “said Zubairi as reported Kompas.com, 30 December 2021.
The British Public Health Institute does investigation progression for this variant is designated as VUI 202012/01 or B.1.1.7.
This variant was reviewed and set for December 18, 2020.
3. More contagious
Corona virus mutations B.1.1.7 is known to be more contagious by up to 70 percent compared to the initial variant of SARS-CoV-2 which was found in Wuhan, China.
Other countries have also reported finding cases of this new variant of the corona virus, such as Singapore, India, Malaysia, and South Korea.
According to the British Public Health publication, the B.1.1.7 mutation has increased transmission compared to the previously circulating variant and has rapidly spread to become the dominant variant in the UK.
The government’s chief scientific adviser, Sir Patrick Vallance, said scientists had identified 22 changes in the variant’s genetic code that made it more infectious.
4. Replication in the throat
Replication is the ability of viruses to reproduce themselves.
Mutations of the corona virus B.1.1.7 are said to be more contagious because this variant of the corona virus is replicating faster in the throat.
A study conducted by the University of Birmingham in England found that Covid-19 patients with the B.1.1.7 virus mutation had viral infections load high.
As for viral load higher rates can determine the subject’s transmission rate and the ability of the virus to be transmitted.
As reported Kompas.com, January 29, 2021, a survey conducted by the UK’s Office for National Statistics (ONS) found the most common symptoms of the B.1.1.7 mutation.
People infected with Covid-19 with mutation B.1.1.7 feel the following symptoms more than the previous variants:
- Sore throat
- Fatigue muscle pain
Experts say the shift in symptoms may be driven by the nature of the variant which is more contagious and spreads more rapidly in the body.
6. Effect on vaccination
At present, there is no evidence that this variant causes more severe disease or an increased risk of death.
Although the B.1.1.7 coronavirus mutation has a spike protein that makes it more attacking the body, virologists and public health experts believe that the vaccine the company is developing will still be effective against the new variant of the corona virus.
Launch Kompas.com, December 30, 2021, Zubairi said that the vaccination measures were almost certain, but still effective.
On the other hand, scientists are constantly working to learn more about this variant to better understand transmission and improve protection.
7. Transmission B.1.1.7
As reported Kompas.com, On January 11, 2021, researcher Michael Kidd said the development of research on the transmission of the B.1.1.7 mutation could help provide an explanation for why the virus can multiply in every infected person.
However, it is still not certain what causes the virus to spread so quickly.
However, there are other factors that influence the spread of transmission, namely human behavior.
During the Covid-19 pandemic, the World Health Organization (WHO) repeatedly campaigned for health protocols.
In Indonesia, we know 3M, namely using masks, washing hands, and maintaining distance.
(Source: Kompas.com/Retia Kartika Dewi, Mela Armani, Ahmad Naufal Dzulfaroh | Editors: Sari Hardiyanto, Rizal Setyo Nugroho)
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