Having a good breakfast, and making a light dinner, is a simple way to keep weight under control and prevent obesity and the risk of diabetes. It is ensured by a small study published in the “Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism of the Endocrine Society.”
The body spends energy when we digest food for the absorption, digestion, transport and storage of nutrients. This process, known as diet-induced thermogenesis (DIT), is a measure of how our metabolism is working and may differ according to mealtime.
“Our results show that a meal taken during breakfast, regardless of the amount of calories it contains, generates twice as much diet-induced thermogenesis as the same meal consumed at dinner time,” explains the author of the study. , Juliane Richter, from the University of Lübeck in Germany. These data, he adds, are relevant because they “underline the value of making a full breakfast.”
Our results show that a meal taken during breakfast, regardless of the amount of calories it contains, generates twice as much diet-induced thermogenesis as the same meal consumed at dinner time.
The researchers conducted a three-day study with 16 men who consumed a low-calorie breakfast and a high-calorie dinner, and vice versa in a second stage. In this way they discovered that identical calorie consumption led to a diet-induced thermogenesis 2.5 times higher during the morning than at night just after rich or low-calorie meals.
The food-induced increase in blood sugar and insulin concentrations decreased after breakfast compared to dinner. The results also show that eating a low-calorie breakfast increases appetite, specifically for sweets.
“We recommend patients with obesity and healthy people to eat breakfast in abundance instead of at dinner time to reduce body weight and prevent metabolic diseases,” concludes Richter. .