A farmer fertilizing the crops in his field using pesticides.  journaldebrazza.com


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A farmer fertilizing the crops in his field using pesticides. journaldebrazza.com


Stakeholders in the phytosanitary sector met on October 20 in Brazzaville in a workshop to strengthen the control, monitoring and approval procedures for pesticides in the Republic of Congo. Workshop participants will strengthen the process by which competent authorities will approve the sale and use of pesticides in the Republic of Congo, after reviewing comprehensive scientific data showing that the product is effective for its intended uses and does not exhibit excessive risks to human and animal health or to the environment. In Congo, most of the pesticide supply and distribution chains are not sufficiently secure and approved by the appropriate bodies. The use of pesticides, food plant protection products, ensures product quality and limits yield losses, which are greater in the absence of treatment. “The pesticide, regardless of its nature, must first be recognized by the appropriate organizations before it is sold. Agriculture is one of the pillars of the diversification of the Congolese economy and the need for approval becomes urgent because, according to the WHO, on average five hundred people die per year from poisoning due to pesticides. . We are moving towards the ban of pesticides not approved by the Central African Pesticides Committee ”, explained Alphonsine Louhouari, Director of Plant Protection at the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries. The pesticide registration process consists of a number of steps which are generally carried out in four phases: pre-registration, registration, post-registration and review of existing registrations. It also often involves many steps and measures, both for the applicant for approval and for the approval authority. This ranges from the initial submission of the application by the applicant to the final approval decision by the Registrar and subsequent follow-up activities by both entities. However, a minimum number of steps will generally need to be followed to ensure that the license application is managed efficiently and correctly, that the assessment is conducted in the normal way and that decisions are made in a transparent manner. “The importance of pesticides in the world is well established. But, it is important to remember that they are dangerous and all have, to different degrees, a potential for toxicity which can affect animals, plants, humans and the environment. From now on, players must submit their products for approval before they are placed on the market ”, said Paul Raphaël Ongouala, Director General of Agriculture. Note that pesticides include chemicals intended to repel, destroy or fight pests and unwanted species of plants or animals causing damage to food, agricultural products, wood and wood products, or animal feed. .

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