Abiy Ahmed, from Nobel Peace Prize to Civil War

Just a year ago, Abiy Ahmed, the Ethiopian Prime Minister was awarded the most prestigious Nobel Prize. In early November, he went to war against one of the ethnic groups in his country. The conflict risks sinking this East African giant and its region.

On Wednesday November 4, at 2 a.m., Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed posted a very serious statement online on his Facebook page: “The Ethiopian Defense Forces Command has been given the mission of saving the country”, he announced.

The regional government of Tigray province in the north was guilty of having “Crossed the red line”, he said, and the Ethiopian troops had been ordered to launch a “Military confrontation”. “I call on all Ethiopians to remain calm, to put themselves on alert and to support the military effort”, he added. In the eyes of many commentators, this amounts to a declaration of war against one of Ethiopia’s regional states.

About an hour later – it was still early morning – Abiy spoke on national television. He said the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (FLPT) – the ruling party in the region in question – was guilty of “treason”. Tigrayan regional security forces, Abiy says, stormed Ethiopian military bases in Mekele towns [la capitale régionale] and Dansha. The North Command, one of the four regional commands of the Ethiopian army, is in Mekele, located more than 700 kilometers north of the

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Zecharias Zelalem

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