Addressing HIV Disparities: CDC Report Highlights Successes and Challenges in Prevention Efforts

2023-06-04 22:00:00

THE data published on May 23 by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) report a significant drop in new HIV infections in the United States, but suggest that the impact of prevention efforts has been much less important to black and Latino populations. Between 2017 and 2021, with the combined effect of repeated testing, Tasp and Prep, new cases of HIV seropositivity fell by 12%, from around 36,500 infections in 2017 to 32,100 in 2021. This drop is even more significant among gay and bisexual men, aged 13 to 24, with less 34% in four years. However, by ethnicity, the CDC found that “new infections were down 27% and 36%, respectively, among blacks and Latinos, compared to 45% among whites.” Similarly, in 2021, about a third of people who were considered eligible for Prep were taking it, but the CDC noted that this number includes “relatively few black or Hispanic/Latino people.” “Long-standing factors, such as systemic inequalities, social and economic marginalization and residential segregation continue to stand in the way of highly effective HIV treatment and prevention and the people who could benefit from it,” said Rochelle Walensky. , the director of the CDC. “At least three people in the United States contract HIV every hour, even though we have more effective prevention and treatment tools than ever before,” said Robyn Neblett Fanfair, director of the HIV prevention division of the CDC. This report also provides new epidemiological data on HIV in the United States. In 2021, 1.2 million people were HIV-positive in the United States, and 87% of them had been diagnosed. This means that one in eight HIV-positive people in the country do not know that they are living with HIV. About two-thirds of new HIV infections in 2021 were among men who have sex with men (MSM). By age group, most (9,100) of the new cases concern 25-34 year olds, followed by 13-24 year olds (4,900) and 35-44 year olds (4,000). More than half (52%) of new HIV infections in 2021 occurred in the southern United States. Finally, two million people could benefit from the Prep. The majority are Black (468,540) or Hispanic/Latino (312,820). However, in 2021, estimates suggest that less than a quarter of black or Hispanic/Latino people who could benefit have been prescribed Prep, while over three-quarters of white people who could benefit have been prescribed Prep. a prescription.

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