On Wednesday September 16, the Assembly unanimously adopted a majority bill aimed at extending the “Zero long-term unemployed territories” experiment to 50 new territories, even though many opposition representatives would have liked to go to the -beyond this «Market value».
Voted at first reading, the text is expected in the Senate a priori in early October. He wants to extend for five years an experiment launched in early 2017 and carried out today in ten “Territories” from 5,000 to 10,000 inhabitants, between rural municipalities and city policy districts, from Colombelles (Calvados) to Villeurbanne (Rhône).
The Minister of Labor, Elisabeth Borne, estimated that the enlargement to 50 new territories was “A suitable number” for a “Laboratory” and “Now is the time for evaluation and optimization” of the device. She also suggested that it would be possible to discuss this threshold again in “Two or three years”, ensuring that the “Ticket office will not close one fine morning”.
Boris Vallaud (PS) and Pierre Cordier (LR) claimed “A review clause”, to lift this «Market value» and not “Frustrate” motivated territories. The subject should again animate the debates in the Senate. The deputies, including LRM rapporteur Marie-Christine Verdier-Jouclas, had already weighed in to go beyond the threshold of 30 additional territories initially proposed.
Other provisions included in the bill
Inspired by ATD Fourth World in 2015, then defended by the former PS deputy Laurent Grandguillaume, the general philosophy of the “Zero long-term unemployed territories” is to affirm that no one is unemployable and that by subsidizing the resumption of employment, the state will save as much in social benefits and indirect costs of unemployment.
Thirteen employment-oriented enterprises (EBE) were thus created, which hire on the basis of a minimum wage, on a permanent basis and without selection, people deprived of employment for more than a year for activities useful to society. but supposed not to compete with the private sector. Since 2017, 1,112 people “Came out of deprivation of employment”, directly (770) or indirectly, depending on the bill.
The State contributes 18,000 euros per year, per job, which corresponds to the savings expected for public finances: cessation of the payment of RSA or unemployment benefits … The rest of the budget must come from the growth in turnover. EBE business, grants or bank loans. But the cost and targeting of the device are debated, most companies with employment goals remaining in deficit. At the end of 2019, two reports questioned the ” economic model “ of the EBE.
The bill passed on Wednesday also includes other measures to simplify integration through economic activity, such as the removal of compulsory approval from Pôle Emploi. It creates a “CDI inclusion” for people over 57 in difficulty, or extend experiments such as the “CDI part-time”. The government finally wants to test a “Gateway contract”, in order to facilitate the recruitment in traditional companies of people at the end of the integration process.