After more than 20 days in debates and abstentions, Congress approves agrarian law: what does it contain? | ECONOMY

The Plenary of Congress approved with 58 votes in favor, 32 against and 29 abstentions, it was approved in the first vote and excepting the second vote new agrarian law -except for the ninth final complementary provision- and that provides for the delivery of a bonus for the agricultural worker of 30% of the RMV (S / 279) on a non-remunerative basis.

The BETA -refer- can be paid monthly or in daily proportions depending on the number of days worked. It should be noted that this bonus will increase as the RMV is updated, which is currently S / 930.

What other scopes does the law contain? In labor matters, that the basic remuneration of agricultural workers may not be less than the RMV; Likewise, the legal bonuses are equivalent to 16.66% of the basic remuneration and the compensation for time of service to 9.72% of the basic remuneration.

Also that the daily remuneration is equal to the sum of the concepts provided in the previous paragraph divided by 30.

Likewise, it specifies that the right to daily remuneration is generated as long as one works more than 4 hours a day on average.

Truncated vacations are calculated on the basis of the days worked and correspond to 8.33% of the basic remuneration, which will be paid at the time of the termination of the employment relationship.

It is added that in the event of arbitrary dismissal, the compensation will be equivalent to 45 daily salaries for each full year of service with a maximum of 360 daily salaries.

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The time worked that exceeds the daily or weekly shift is considered overtime and is paid with a surcharge to be agreed, which for the first two hours may not be less than 25% per hour calculated on the basic remuneration for the worker based on the hourly value corresponding and 35% the remaining hours.

Regarding the payment (contributions) of EsSalud, it establishes that companies with less than 100 workers or sales greater than 1,700 UIT apply a rate of 7% from 2021 to 2022; 8% from 2023 to 2024 and 9% from 2025 onwards.

While companies with more than 100 workers and with sales of less than 1,700 UIT, a rate of 6% from 2021 to 207 and 9% from 2028 onwards is applied.

-Tax benefits-

The new law provides that companies whose net income does not exceed 1,700 UIT (S / 7.5 million) pay a rate of 15% for income tax from 2021 to 2030 and from 2031 onwards they will pay the rate established in the regime rate general.

While companies whose income is greater than S / 7.5 million will pay a 15% income tax rate between 2021 and 2022; while from 2023 to 2024 a rate of 20%; from 2025 to 2027 a rate of 25% and from 2028 onwards the rate of the general regime.

It also establishes that agricultural companies whose net income does not exceed 1,700 UIT (S / 7.5 million) will have the right to a refund of 10% of the reinvestment of up to 70% of the amount of annual profits, after payment of the IR, during the period from 2021 to 2030.

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The reinvestment should prioritize the strengthening of agriculture through the implementation of a technified irrigation system. Likewise, they may depreciate 20% per year the amount of investments in hydraulic works and risk works.

-Ninth supplementary provision was rejected-

On the other hand, the parliament rejected the ninth complementary provision of this norm, which established a 10% IR rate until 2030 for agroindustries and aquaculture in the high Andean areas above 2,250 msmn with revenues below 1,700 UIT.

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