After the Macron and Putin crisis, how are phone conversations between presidents?

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It was a radio "France 2" A documentary was published on the French President’s handling of the Russian-Ukrainian war, which included details of the phone call that took place between the two leaders days before the outbreak of the war in Ukraine.

The call took place on the morning of last February 20, four days before the outbreak of the war, and was described as the last call before resorting to the military option..

The call contained an answer Putin On the offer of his French counterpart to hold a summit with the American President joe bidensaying "I don’t hide you, I want to play ice hockey and here I am, talking to you from the gym".

This is not the first time that Moscow has accused Paris of leaking details of phone calls between leaders, as a newspaper published "Lomond" France in 2020, talks between Putin and Macron on Russian opposition leader Alexei Navalny.

On Wednesday, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov considered the publication of the transcript of the call between Putin and Macron as… "Violation of diplomatic protocol".

Rules.. and procedures

Making phone calls between commanders and chiefs does not seem random, but rather takes many necessary steps to facilitate the successful completion of phone conversations, and to avoid possible emergency events, or misunderstandings between the two sides, up to a third party’s income on the call line, and then those calls pass according to Highly firm and private protocols, with special arrangements different from normal one-to-one calls.

According to Stephen Yates, who served as Deputy National Security Adviser and former US Vice President, when there is a well-established relationship between two countries, it is simple for one of the workers in the presidential contact centers to contact their counterparts in the other country, to request an appointment for a contact between the two presidents..

But if the relations are not close enough between the two countries, the ambassador of one of the two countries submits a petition on behalf of his president, after which the two parties undertake the preparations, the reasons are clarified and the extent to which the phone conversation is necessary, and the two leaders’ administrations coordinate on a specific date for the phone call.

Yates indicated that there are necessary procedures before completing the phone call, as the leader of each country receives sufficient information from his aides.

For example, the National Security Council provides the American president with an integrated file in which he surrounds him with security and foreign policy affairs related to the country whose president he will speak to..

Two types of communication

The protocol and protocol departments in the presidential institutions differentiate the nature of the communications that take place at the level of leaders..

This is in contrast to conversations that take place at a more sensitive level or deal with more complex topics. In the American case, the US President obtains additional information on that issue, and members of the National Security Council listen to the two leaders’ speech.

strict conditions

For her part, Irina Zuckerman, an American analyst specializing in national security affairs, says in exclusive statements to Sky News Arabia, that making calls between leaders and presidents has strict requirements, and those private calls are not supposed to be announced outside what is agreed upon, or shared with anyone at all.

Tuskerman explained that the current crisis is more embarrassing for Russia than for France, due to the nature of global information war, and that this leakage harms her because it contradicts her version about "de-Nazification" on Ukraine, the alleged threat of NATO support and the close presence of Russian security interests, revealing Putin’s view of the alleged Western role in Ukraine.

added: "Russia is trying to use the protocol breach to undermine Macron’s credibility, because this call was private, non-publicable, and was not supposed to be made public, making it difficult for the French president to present himself as a neutral mediator with confidence from Putin.".

The American expert believes that the effect of this leaked call will be temporary and limited in scope and duration.

Red line

For his part, the former Egyptian diplomat who worked as an assistant to the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Rakha Hassan, said in exclusive statements to Sky News Arabia, that the phone calls between the able ones are made through what they call "Red line"As there is a direct hotline between the leaders, and the office of each chief arranges the procedures for the call in protocol, so that the leaders enter directly with each other..

Hassan stressed that these communications are secure and confidential to a large extent, unless the two parties agree to broadcast and publish the content or its outlines..

He added: "If there are sharp points of disagreement, one of the parties resorts to deliberately leaking the call, including the points of disagreement, and the emotions that occurred during the calls in order to serve the party that leaked the call, and this is what happened in the last crisis by leaking the entire 9 minutes of the phone call between Macron and Putin".

He pointed out that there was muffled tension between Macron and Putin before the start of the military operation in Ukraine, where Macron visited Moscow and sat 4 hours of discussions at a very long table deliberately, and this is a symbolic image of the size of the distance between the position of France and Russia.

The former diplomat explained that it was rare for technical errors to occur in presidents’ calls.

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Radio France 2 had published a documentary on the French president’s handling of the Russian-Ukrainian war, which included details of the phone call that took place between the two leaders days before the outbreak of the war in Ukraine.

The call took place on the morning of last February 20, four days before the outbreak of the war, and was described as the last call before resorting to the military option..

The call contained an answer Putin On the offer of his French counterpart to hold a summit with the American President joe bidensaying “I don’t hide you, I want to play ice hockey and here I am, talking to you from the gym“.

This is not the first time that Moscow has accused Paris of leaking details of phone calls between leaders, as the French newspaper “Le Monde” published in 2020, discussions between Putin and Macron about the Russian opposition leader Alexei Navalny..

On Wednesday, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov considered the publication of the transcript of the call between Putin and Macron as a “violation of diplomatic protocol.”“.

Rules.. and procedures

Making phone calls between commanders and chiefs does not seem random, but rather takes many necessary steps to facilitate the successful completion of phone conversations, and to avoid possible emergency events, or misunderstandings between the two sides, up to a third party’s income on the call line, and then those calls pass according to Highly firm and private protocols, with special arrangements different from normal one-to-one calls.

According to Stephen Yates, who served as Deputy National Security Adviser and former US Vice President, when there is a well-established relationship between two countries, it is simple for one of the workers in the presidential contact centers to contact their counterparts in the other country, to request an appointment for a contact between the two presidents..

But if the relations are not close enough between the two countries, the ambassador of one of the two countries submits a petition on behalf of his president, after which the two parties undertake the preparations, the reasons are clarified and the extent to which the phone conversation is necessary, and the two leaders’ administrations coordinate on a specific date for the phone call.

Yates indicated that there are necessary procedures before completing the phone call, as the leader of each country receives sufficient information from his aides.

For example, the National Security Council provides the American president with an integrated file in which he surrounds him with security and foreign policy affairs related to the country whose president he will speak to..

Two types of communication

The protocol and protocol departments in the presidential institutions differentiate the nature of the communications that take place at the level of leaders..

This is in contrast to conversations that take place at a more sensitive level or deal with more complex topics. In the American case, the US President obtains additional information on that issue, and members of the National Security Council listen to the two leaders’ speech.

strict conditions

For her part, Irina Zuckerman, an American analyst specializing in national security affairs, says in exclusive statements to Sky News Arabia, that making calls between leaders and presidents has strict requirements, and those private calls are not supposed to be announced outside what is agreed upon, or shared with anyone at all.

Tuskerman explained that the current crisis is more embarrassing for Russia than for France, due to the nature of global information warfare, and this leakage harms her because it contradicts her narrative about “de-Nazification” of Ukraine, the alleged threat of NATO support and the close presence of Russian security interests, and reveals Putin’s view of the Western role Allegedly in Ukraine.

She added: “Russia is trying to use the protocol breach to undermine Macron’s credibility, because this call was private, non-publicable, and was not supposed to be made public, which makes it difficult for the French president to present himself as a neutral mediator with confidence from Putin.“.

The American expert believes that the effect of this leaked call will be temporary and limited in scope and duration.

Red line

For his part, the former Egyptian diplomat who worked as an assistant to the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Rakha Hassan, said in exclusive statements to Sky News Arabia, that the phone calls between the able ones are made through what they call the “red line”, as there is a direct hotline between the leaders, and the The office of each chief arranges the procedures for the call in protocol, so that the leaders enter directly with each other.

Hassan stressed that these communications are secure and confidential to a large extent, unless the two parties agree to broadcast and publish the content or its outlines..

He added: “If there are sharp points of disagreement, one of the parties resorts to deliberately leaking the call, including the points of disagreement, and the emotions that occurred during the calls to serve the party that leaked the call, and this is what happened in the last crisis by leaking 9 full minutes of the phone call between Macron and Putin.”“.

He pointed out that there was muffled tension between Macron and Putin before the start of the military operation in Ukraine, where Macron visited Moscow and sat 4 hours of discussions at a very long table deliberately, and this is a symbolic image of the size of the distance between the position of France and Russia.

The former diplomat explained that it was rare for technical errors to occur in presidents’ calls.

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