PARTIAL UNEMPLOYMENT 2021. The conditions for partial employment change from Thursday, July 1. In particular, employees in unprotected sectors should expect a reduction in their compensation.
[Mis à jour le 29 juin 2021 à 09h16] The government had promised in the spring: support for partial unemployment is revised downwards. As of July 1, several changes will be noted concerning the partial activity. As a reminder, it allows, when a company is forced to reduce or even stop its activity, to benefit from state support, by taking charge of the payment of employees. Here’s what changes from Thursday:
- For companies in unprotected sectors or which are not administratively closed: compensation for employees drops to 60% of gross salary (i.e. 72% of net remuneration), against 70% of gross previously (84% of net) . State support, too, is revised downward: the allowance rate drops from 52% to 36%.
- For protected sectors and companies subject to administrative closure: good news, the level of employee compensation does not change (84% of net salary) before September 1. On the other hand, the state allowance is revised downwards on July 1 to 60% of gross hourly compensation on that date, then 52% in August 2021 and 36% as of September 1.
Part-time workers no longer receive their usual remuneration. Compensation is paid in lieu of wages. In detail, seuls employees at Smic (CDD or CDI), part-time minimum wage employees and employees in training receive their entire salary. If you are not in this case, your income will decrease. The indemnity represents 70% of your gross salary (84% of your net compensation, then 72% on July 1 for unprotected sectors). Your collective agreement may, in certain cases, be more advantageous and raise the limit beyond 84%.
Are you looking to calculate the amount of your compensation? A simulator is available on the website of the Ministry of Labor, here. You must enter several information: the rate of your gross hourly wage, the number of hours not worked, and the working time duration of your contract (in hours). You get an estimate of your gross remuneration, including your classic salary share and your indemnity, depending on the number of hours not worked.
The employer remains responsible for paying partial unemployment benefit to its employees. The State intervenes a posteriori to pay an allowance to the employer. As an employee, you receive the indemnity on the same dates as your salary in normal times. Every month, you get a summary, which can appear on your payslip. The allowance is visible on the payslip, via a line “partial activity allowance for hours not worked“, above the line” net payable before income tax “.
Rest assured, they are not going away. The partial activity does not entail any modification of your employment contract, but its only suspension. You therefore retain your rights to paid vacation. “Non-working hours are taken into account for the calculation of the rights to paid leave”, reminds the service-public.fr site for information. Be careful, however: keep in mind that, since the ordinance of March 26, 2020, your employer can impose the periods during which you can take these holidays.
They had been promised in May. Two decrees were published in the Official Journal on Wednesday 2 December, finally providing details on the methods for taking into account periods of partial unemployment for pension rights. “The text specifies the procedures for taking into account periods of partial activity included between March 1, 2020 and December 31, 2020 in respect of pension rights taking effect from March 12, 2020, in particular by setting a quota of hours for which the employee placed in a situation of partially compensated activity can validate a quarter in respect of the basic pension “, perhaps we read in the preamble of decree n ° 2020-1491. Clearly, if you have been on short-time work this year, these periods will indeed open up pension rights. He fixes a minimum of 220 compensated hours to validate a quarter contributed to the general scheme. As an indication, the second decree more specifically concerns the insured of certain special schemes (Electricity and gas industries, SNCF, RATP).
A priori, the partial activity should therefore not have noticeable effects on your insurance period, whatever the level of your income. On the other hand, periods of partial unemployment can have an impact on the amount of the basic pension, notes Le Figaro, because allowances are not taken into account in the calculation of the average annual salary. “This is not very serious for those who are at the beginning of their careers (…). On the other hand, it can become so for those who are closer to retirement age and who were counting on the 2020s and 2021 to improve their average annual salary, “warns Dominique Prévert, of the Optimaretraite firm, to the daily.