In a training, conducted online, a teacher from the U. of Guayaquil He related to his colleagues that he installed a clone on his cousin’s computer, to solve the Exam of Access to Higher Education (EAES). It was taken digitally, by the pandemic, in September. Thus, “he finally entered,” he said. Meanwhile, others who did not get a place will give another test in 2021.
Ángela Álvarez, for example, underwent radiation therapy while preparing for the EAES. That, he says, didn’t limit the time he spent studying. But he got 839 out of a thousand on the test and didn’t get a place for medicine. “I wanted to enter private universities, but not even with a scholarship I can afford them,” says the 17-year-old, who paid for a pre-university. Upon learning of the professor’s ‘confession’, she commented annoyed: “nothing is enough when corruption is stronger.”
Before the diffusion of video On social media, the Secretary of Higher Education (Senescyt) announced that on Thursday 12th it filed a complaint with the State Attorney General’s Office to investigate “fraudulent mechanisms” that a teacher could use to ‘help’ a relative in the EAES .
This is not the first time that access test a quotas in universities and institutes is violated. In January leaked the questions of the evaluation, which was then called Be a Bachelor, and it was taken in person.
Since 2013, in the Office of the Prosecutor there are about 20 processes for violation of password or security system To access protected information, contained in information systems; crime against legally reserved public information; non-consensual access to a computer, telematic or telecommunications system.
On Monday, November 16, 2020, this newspaper requested information from the Pichincha Prosecutor’s Office on the complaints related to academic dishonesty linked to this review and wondered how to proceed with the latter case. Until press time, there was no response.
The recent complaint will be analyzed in the Education Commission from Assembly, advanced its president, Jimmy Candell. “We continue to await the results of previous investigations by the Prosecutor’s Office.”
The teacher was separated from the U. of Guayaquil, confirmed its rector, Roberto Passailaigue. “It is a reprehensible fact that we condemn. We terminated his contract as a lack of security was evident. Senescyt must investigate the beneficiary student ”.
That last one is important to Legislator Candell. But also that the Prosecutor’s Office follow the processes and get results as soon as possible. “That what happened in January does not happen, until now we have no answers.”
For this assemblyman, the fraud academic it has other edges in a new environment. “The teaching-learning process encounters non-traditional challenges that we must analyze.”
In article 207 of the Organic Law of Higher Education (LOES) explains how to act against these acts of academic dishonesty in universities. The legal provision – explained Santiago Jaramillo, lawyer and general secretary of the PUCE – allows for sanctioning these offenses.
Depending on the severity, sanctions They can be a written warning, loss of subjects in the case of students, suspension of academic activities for teachers and temporary or permanent separation in the universities.
Regarding the EAES, the lawyer is of the opinion that, if it is proven that the teacher resolved the examination of his relative, the test should be annulled and, therefore, also the assigned space product of that evaluation.
It is important, Jaramillo says, that the Senescyt’s legal department remains attentive to what happens with the open investigations and make a tracing of the cases “so that they do not remain in a complaint.” In this way, he points out, if it is a systematic problem, it will be possible to reach those responsible.
In the report of the denounced teacher, it is deduced that his cousin obtained a place at the same university where the professor worked. In the virtual meeting he goes to a colleague to tell him that his familiar soon will be his student.
Those stories indignan a young boys like Ángela Estupiñán, 22 years old. You have taken the exam seven times and have not accessed quotas in the system public. She wants to become a nurse; is auxiliary. “I would not accept cheating.” The girl believes that the new online modality of the exam offers more options for fraud.
The clone, of which the former professor of the University of Guayaquil speaks in the video, allowed him to see his cousin’s exam on his computer and solve it, he said. It’s about a remote access from another team, explains Nycolai Moscoso, director of Technologies at UTE.
Is tool It allows manipulate a computer without having to sit in front of him, the specialist details “This option could be restricted from the link or application in which the exam is given.”
100% security does not exist, Moscoso points out, but sees it necessary to make a risk analysis. In online evaluations, it is recommended that Senescyt or the institution connect to the student’s computer, to check, also remotely, that the equipment does not have any software installed, which allows irregularities.
On September 17, the first day of the EAES, the head of the Senescyt, Agustín Albán, reported that there were 223 cases of academic dishonesty. Last Thursday they were asked about the total number of cases detected. But there is still no answer.
The expert in technologies applied to education, Andrés Hermann, recalls that several software, for example Plagium, help to identify plagiarized texts in jobs. And others, such as motion sensors, are used to know if the person taking the online exam opened another link. But beyond that, he believes it is urgent to train students not to think about fraud.
Since 2012, an exam is taken to assign quotas in the public system. And since 2013 there are allegations of fraud. In January, the previous Senescyt administration spoke of an entire network, which may have included ‘hackers’, to access the questions.