Antonio J. Daz Rodrguez, National History Prize: “The payment of bulls was as common as today the internet”


The author of ‘El mercado curial. Bulls and business between Rome and the Iberian world in the Modern Age ‘receives the award from the Ministry of Culture.

A detail of the cover of ‘El mercado curial’.

Antonio Jos Daz Rodrguez has won the 2021 National Prize for the History of Spain for his work The curial market. Bulls and business between Rome and the Iberian world in the Modern Age. The award, awarded by the Ministry of Culture and Sports, is endowed with 20,000 euros.

The jury has chosen this work “because it is a careful and rigorous investigation with a poetic air that sheds light and brings us closer to a little-studied and sometimes hidden reality. It expands the field of science and contextualizes the social and political dynamics addressed. , contributing to the economic and financial history some episodes that arouse the interest of the readers going beyond the purely economic thing “.

Professor Daz Rodríguez has affirmed to EL MUNDO that the practice of bulls and dispensations was common during the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries, but that today it goes unnoticed. “It was as everyday as it is today for us, the internet.”

Your essay The curial market. Bulls and business between Rome and the Iberian world in the Modern Age (Ediciones Universidad de Valladolid) analyzes “the international business between Rome (the Papacy) and the Catholic countries, especially Spain, that space in which apostolic grace is processed. How through bulls could operations be carried out so that families could achieve a social promotion, for example. ”

In those centuries, dispensations were necessary and to achieve them there were channels of intermediaries, agencies. “There were legal and illegal operations, since there was also a lot of speculation,” adds Professor Daz Rodríguez.

That universe of ecclesiastics, intermediaries, bankers, speculators, rogues, front men, literati and extortionists has been reflected, according to the winner, in the works of the Valds brothers and in ‘El Lazarillo de Tormes’.

“The first stable firm path in the time of Philip II was that between Rome and Spain, such was the flow that existed between the clergy and the peninsula. Even in Rome mailboxes were installed because thousands of requests arrived to obtain bulls or dispensations” Daz Rodríguez details. “It is not that the dispensations cost a lot but there were many: for canongas, to marry, dispensations to skip Canon Law so that, for example, an illegitimate child could access the clergy, for burials …”.

Antonio Jos Daz Rodrguez is a Doctor in History from the University of Cordoba, where he is a professor in the Department of Modern, Contemporary and American History. Between 2013 and 2017 he developed his work as a researcher at the University of Vora, where he coordinated the Research Group Societies, Powers and Identities and to which he remains linked as an integrated member of the Scientific Council. Since March 2017, he has been a contracted researcher for the Juan de la Cierva-Incorporation Program at the University of Cordoba. Simultaneously directs the Permanent Seminar on Historical Disclosure The Time Archive ‘ and he is deputy director of the Laboratory for Judeoconverted Studies.

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