It smells like gas for oil-fired boilers. From January 1, 2022, it will be prohibited to install new models in existing homes. In new buildings, the ban will even start on July 1, 2021. Between 3 and 3.5 million individuals are affected by this measure, the decree of which, which we were able to consult exclusively, will be submitted for consultation today before d to be released in the spring.
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The government estimates that by 2028, almost all the devices will have been replaced… by more ecological models. Because that is the objective of this hunt for boilers: to reduce CO2 emissions. “The oil heating of an average house of 100 m² for a year represents 50,000 km by car,” was calculated at the ministry of Emmanuelle Wargon, the Minister for Housing.
Repairing your boiler will still be possible
What to make the owners of this type of installation feel guilty? It is not, in any case, to put the knife to their throats. At the Ministry of Ecological Transition, it is warned that owners will be able to change parts or carry out work if necessary, well after January 1. “There is no question of forcing them to change their boiler if it is still working”, we specify. It is only in the event of definitive failure, often after twenty years of use, that it will be necessary to opt for another heating method.
But the operation is not always easy, whereas oil-fired boilers are often installed in old houses in rural areas. Put on a gas heater? Impossible if town gas is not distributed. Install a heat pump? Complicated if the electrical flow is limited. A pellet boiler? Unrealizable in small dwellings …
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“In the event of an obvious technical impossibility, there may be exceptions,” recognizes Emmanuelle Wargon. But it will remain marginal. “In the decree, it is in fact specified that in the event of” the absence of a solution for connection to heating or natural gas networks and when the installation of new equipment […] requires reinforcement work on the public electricity distribution network ”, the ban on installing an oil-fired boiler will“ not apply ”.
Fuel oil costs much more to use
And for homeowners affected by the change, the government can highlight the savings. Indeed, an oil boiler costs between 1500 euros and 3000 euros per year, against 500 euros to 1000 euros for a heat pump and 750 euros to 1500 euros for a gas heater or a pellet boiler. The investment can therefore pay off in a few years, especially as aid, public and private, covers part of the installation costs.
Still, for modest households, it is impossible to spend several thousand euros to install a state-of-the-art system. “To change my oil-fired boiler, I have to borrow 12,500 euros and, at age 78, who will lend them to me? “Asks Paul Lessana, who had quotes made. “For the monthly repayment installments, banks often take into account the savings in use made each month,” points out to Emmanuelle Wargon’s office where the existence of local aid and a fund is emphasized. special guarantee for the most modest. Depending on the profiles, there may still be holes in the racket but this is marginal. “