Thursday, December 22, 2022
Books – Sayed Metwally
When a physician determines that a patient’s cancer can no longer be controlled, palliative care is substituted for treatment. Although the chances of survival are poor, its prescribing is important for a number of reasons.
Early care for such patients can reduce their symptom burden, for example, and in most cases, cancer is not diagnosed until after symptoms appear, usually in the advanced stages.
Because the tumor is likely to have spread at this stage, the patient’s chances of survival tend to be slim. Unfortunately, cancer can be a slow-growing disease that sometimes takes years for symptoms to appear.
Sometimes, people survive for months, or even a year, with terminal cancer, with or without treatment.
Some studies have sought to reduce key characteristics of each stage of the disease in an effort to help refine diagnostic procedures.
To help clarify the characteristics of end-stage cancer, a review published in Dialogues in Clinic Neuroscience looked at 44 different studies.
“Patients with end-stage cancer have a massive symptom burden,” the researchers explained. “Data from thousands of patients indicates a high prevalence of five symptoms among individuals with terminal cancer.”
The researchers noted that “five symptoms (fatigue, pain, lack of energy, weakness, and loss of appetite) were reported in more than 50 percent of patients.”
The prevalence of neuroticism and depression was 48 percent and 39 percent, respectively. As described earlier, many of the core diagnostic symptoms of depression are precisely those that cancer patients commonly experience at the end of life.
Importantly, physical symptoms frequently co-occur with depression in cancer patients and are associated with increased disability.
Stage IV cancer is diagnosed when the disease has spread from where it began to at least one other organ in the body.
Some people die very quickly from cancer, especially if there are unexpected complications or the cancer is very aggressive. In other cases, it may take months or years. However, as the cancer grows or spreads, it will begin to affect multiple organs and basic bodily processes. that they perform.
Is it possible to survive the fourth stage of cancer?
Although the overall prognosis for stage IV cancer is poor, many patients continue to live for years after diagnosis.
Stage 4 cancer does not necessarily mean the disease is irreversible, but its spread has made it more difficult to manage.
Whether or not a person is likely to survive stage 4 cancer is determined by the type of cancer and where it has spread.
Lung and bronchial cancers, for example, cause more deaths than any other type of cancer because the lungs cannot be seen or felt.
There are other types of cancers that are notoriously difficult to survive in the advanced stages, such as colorectal and pancreatic cancer, although symptoms are more likely to appear early.
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