– Bern announces the implementation of Frontex on September 1
The Federal Council gave details on the entry into force of the new regulations on the European agency.
Posted today at 1:41 p.m.
The implementation of the new EU regulation on Frontex will come into force on 1 September. The Federal Council decided so on Wednesday.
The new regulations give the European agency Frontex a reinforced mandate to better control the external borders of Schengen, in collaboration with the national authorities. It must also improve the return of illegal immigrants. The new mandate still includes support in the event of voluntary return or obtaining travel documents.
The population supported this modification on May 15 in a vote by 71.5%, following a referendum by the left and associations supporting migrants. The implementation of the new EU regulation on the Swiss side requires changes to the law and ordinances, which gave rise to a consultation procedure.
This concerns in particular the collaboration of the Federal Customs Office (OFDF) with Frontex, the representation of Switzerland on the board of directors of the agency as well as the tasks in the areas of the commitments of the staff of the OFDF to the , appointments of foreign personnel in Switzerland and appointments of document advisers.
Switzerland should carry out annually between now and 2027 up to 16 appointments of 2 years and up to 59 appointments of a maximum duration of 4 months, i.e. a maximum of 39 Swiss experts engaged per year.
The amount and terms of compensation for the cantons for the commitments of cantonal staff in the field of return must also be reviewed. This also includes the assistance that service providers or legal advice offices must provide to asylum seekers in the event of possible violations of fundamental rights in connection with the Agency’s interventions.
The regulation also governs the strengthening of human rights protection by Frontex. Many criticisms have been leveled at the agency in recent years over cases of human rights violations and illegal deportations of migrants. The Federal Council affirmed that Switzerland would engage within the agency, in particular on the board of directors, to improve this problem.