After a month and a half of tensions and unfounded allegations of fraud by the Peruvian right, candidate Pedro Castillo was proclaimed president of the Andean nation, as requested by the will of the voters in the June 6 elections.
The rural teacher and union leader Pedro Castillo will become the “president of the bicentennial” of Peru on July 28, after having defeated the right-wing Keiko Fujimori in polarized elections, who accepted his victory despite considering it to be “illegitimate” .
The victory of the presidential formula that Castillo integrated together with his candidate for vice president, Dina Boluarte, was proclaimed this Monday by the National Elections Jury (JNE), after a month and a half of the June 6 ballot, which led to a broadside of challenges and legal maneuvers of Fujimori, who denounced without reliable evidence an alleged “fraud”.
After declaring the last legal recourses presented by Fujimori unfounded, the JNE endorsed the results of the vote, where Castillo obtained 50.12% of the valid votes and a narrow victory, by just 44,263 votes, over Fujimori.
Castillo’s proclamation came eight days after the presidential change, scheduled for July 28, the day that Peru will celebrate 200 years of its independence and the current transitional president, Francisco Sagasti, will hand over the head of state to this leftist professor originally from the northern region of Cajamarca.
The Latin American left celebrates
Several governments of America and regional organizations welcomed the proclamation of the leftist Pedro Castillo as president-elect of Peru on Monday, after days of tension since the June 6 elections due to the legal actions presented by his rival at the polls, the right-wing Keiko Fujimori .
The Venezuelan Government joined in congratulating the rural school teacher who triumphed in the elections and assured that it is a “historic” step for the Peruvian people.
“In this new political cycle that is opening, the president of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, Nicolás Maduro Moros, congratulates the president-elect of the Republic of Peru, Pedro Castillo Terrones, and his Peru Libre party, wishing them much wisdom when it comes to assume the direction of the destinies of that sister and beloved nation, “said the Venezuelan Foreign Ministry in a statement.
“Our warmest congratulations to the president-elect of Peru, @PedroCastilloTe, and to the Peruvian people for their historic victory at the polls,” Cuban Foreign Minister Bruno Rodríguez wrote on Twitter, while the president of Panama, Laurentino Cortizo, assured that he will work with Castillo “in an agenda of common interests for the benefit of both nations.”
“I want to reiterate my congratulations to @PedroCastilloTe, who was democratically elected and proclaimed president of our brothers in Peru. Together we will work for a united Latin America ”, said the president of Argentina, the Peronist Alberto Fernández.
Mexico, whose president is the also leftist Andrés Manuel López Obrador, joined in congratulating Castillo and extended them to the electoral authorities and the Peruvian people “for having defended the popular will and democratic institutions.”
Likewise, he urged to begin “as soon as possible” the definition of joint priorities to address the bilateral agenda, as well as to work in a coordinated manner at the regional and international level in favor of the peoples of Latin America.
The Bolivian Foreign Ministry expressed its “most sincere congratulations on the proclamation” as president-elect of Peru and added that “Bolivia wishes him the best of success during his tenure.”
Two former Latin American presidents, Bolivian Evo Morales and Honduran Manuel Zelaya, also congratulated Castillo on his victory in the elections.
Castillo was also congratulated by the international right
From the other side of the ideological spectrum, the president of Colombia, Iván Duque, congratulated Castillo and was confident that the historical relations between Bogotá and Lima will be strengthened.
“We send a congratulatory greeting to the President-elect of Peru, @PedroCastilloTe. We will continue working to strengthen our economic, cultural and social relations, ”Duque wrote on Twitter.
The Ecuadorian head of state, the center-right Guillermo Lasso, wrote on Twitter: “I extend my congratulations to the Peruvian people for the end of the democratic day. Successes in his management president @PedroCastilloTe, we hope to strengthen relations between Ecuador and Peru with openness, cooperation and dialogue ”.
“We congratulate @PedroCastilloTe for his proclamation as President-Elect. #Chile trusts in continuing to work to strengthen the integration agenda that unites us with our sister Republic of # Peru, “said the Foreign Ministry of Chile, a country chaired by the conservative Sebastián Piñera.
“I congratulate the President (sic) elect of Peru (sic) @PedroCastilloTe. I wish you good management for the good of the Peruvian people ”, was the text published on the Twitter account of the President of Uruguay, Luis Lacalle Pou.
Support from international organizations
The Secretary General of the OAS, Luis Almagro, congratulated Castillo “on his victory in the elections” and assured him of the “commitment” that the organization will strengthen its “work with the new government of Peru.”
The OAS electoral observation mission, chaired by former Paraguayan Foreign Minister Rubén Ramírez, also welcomed “the proclamation of the results of the Peruvian presidential elections.”
The high representative of the European Union (EU) for Foreign Affairs, Josep Borrell, transmitted his “warmest congratulations” to Pedro Castillo on Tuesday, who was proclaimed president-elect of Peru on Monday.
“My warmest congratulations to the future president of Peru Pedro Castillo for his election,” wrote the Spanish politician on his profile on the social network Twitter.
He added that the EU and Peru are “important partners” and “together” face “the multiple challenges in social and economic recovery” after the coronavirus pandemic.
With information from agencies