The Pfizer-BioNTech, Modern American, Chinese Sinopharm and Russian Sputnik V vaccines are those that have already begun to be applied in at least 30 countries around the world. There are three Latin American nations that have been the first.
Costa Rica, Mexico and Chile are not only part of the more than 30 countries in the world that began their vaccination campaigns against COVID-19 but they are the first three to apply immunization in Latin America that prioritizes people at high risk of contracting the virus and health workers.
The first vaccines come after months of uncertainty, confinements – which are still continuing – and strict health protocols that are implemented to try to contain in the world the epidemic that has left more than 80 million infected and more than 1.7 million dead during 2020.
China, where the SARS-CoV-2 virus originated, was the first country on the planet to initiate vaccination reserved for those most at risk. Thus, more than a million experimental doses made in that nation have been injected into that territory, indicated a report by Infobae.
China was followed Russia since December 5 began to apply Sputnik V, the vaccine developed by the Russian National Center for Epidemiology and Microbiology Gamaleya. Workers at risk were those immunized.
Meanwhile, on December 8, the UK started the campaign with the vaccine developed by the US-German alliance Pfizer-BioNTech.
Canada and U.S They launched the application on December 14. Later Switzerland on the 23rd and Serbia on the 24th, all with the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine.
It should be noted that the United States and Canada are also the first two countries to have licensed the Modern American vaccine.
The United Arab Emirates launched its campaign with Chinese Sinopharm doses, which kicked off on December 14 in Abu Dhabi, the capital. Also in the Emirates, Dubai began vaccinating on December 23 with doses of Pfizer-BioNTech.
Saudi Arabia and Bahrain began their campaign on December 17, Israel on December 19, Qatar on 23, Kuwait on 24. Meanwhile, Oman began its campaign this Sunday. All of these countries initially chose Pfizer-BioNTech; but Bahrain also injected doses of Sinopharm.
In Latin America, Mexico, Chile and Costa Rica began their campaign on December 24 with the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccines.
The first doses of the Pfizer / BioNTech vaccine arrived in European Union member countries over the weekend, escorted by security forces.
Germany, Hungary and Slovakia already vaccinated some people on Saturday. Europe is, numerically, the region most affected in the world by this pandemic and has already exceeded 25 million cases and 546,000 deaths.
In Germany, Health Minister Jens Spahn showed his discomfort at the vaccination of residents of a nursing home on Saturday, a day before the official start of the campaign, which made a 101-year-old woman the first German vaccinated .
Countries like Italy and Spain began this Sunday to vaccinate their population against the coronavirus.
“It does nothing, nothing (…) thank you very much,” said Araceli Hidalgo Sánchez, a 96-year-old petite woman, who became the first Spanish woman to receive the long-awaited injection, in a residence for the elderly in Guadalajara ( center).
Around the same time, in Italy, nurse Claudia Alivernini and Maria Rosaria Capobianchi, director of a virology laboratory at the Spallanzani hospital in Rome, were the first to receive the vaccine in the country. In Italy the general vaccination will begin on January 8.
Thousands of kilometers away in Bucharest, the 26-year-old Romanian nurse Mihaela Anghel, the first to treat a patient with COVID-19 in February in the country, was the first vaccinated.
In France, Mauricette, a 78-year-old homemaker, was the first to receive the first dose. “I am excited, it is an honor,” said, through tears, the old woman, who lives in a center in Sevran, on the outskirts of Paris and added “It is hot”, a comment that provoked laughter and applause from the hospital staff.
In Austria, the first inoculated in Vienna, an 84-year-old woman, declared to the public broadcaster ORF her desire to “see children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren again without problems.”
In Poland, a nurse was the first to be vaccinated in a welfare center by the Ministry of the Interior in Warsaw. In Croatia it was an 81-year-old woman, living in the Tresnjevka nursing home in Zagreb, who happily declared: “The vaccine has arrived earlier than we expected and now we should all accept it for our friends, our families and ourselves.” Whereas vaccination started in Slovenian nursing homes.
In Greece, the first to receive the dose was Esfstathia Kampisiuli, a nurse in the intensive care unit of the Evangelismos hospital. “Today is a historic day, it is the beginning of a new stage. I feel lucky to be the first person in Greece to be vaccinated. I think that today many people are envious of me, “he said.
In Bulgaria, the Minister of Health, Kostadin Angelov, and the Orthodox Bishop Tihon were the first citizens of the country to be immunized, while Lithuania began with its medical personnel.
In Portugal, António Sarmento, director of the Infectious Diseases Service of the São João Hospital in Oporto and the first inoculate, showed his confidence since “the studies showed that the reactions are similar to those of other viral vaccines”.
Sweden, the first dose was injected into a 91-year-old woman, from a nursing home in Mjölby, a small town between Stockholm and Göteborg, while in Denmark a 79-year-old man residing in a nursing home was designated from Odense, who said humorously: “Let’s hope it works.”
Belgium will start its vaccination campaign until Monday, as will Luxembourg, while the Netherlands will send the first notifications on January 4.
In Argentina, the vaccination campaign will begin on Tuesday, with 300,000 doses of the Sputnik V vaccine from the Russian laboratory Gamelaya. It is the first country in Latin America to authorize this vaccine. Argentina also approved the Pfizer / BioNTech formula.
The COVID-19 pandemic has caused at least 1,758,026 deaths in the world since the WHO office in China reported the appearance of the disease in December 2019, according to a balance established by AFP this Sunday from official sources .
Since the beginning of the SARS-CoV-2 virus, more than 80,264,840 people have contracted the disease. Of these, at least 50,548,400 were recovered, according to authorities.