Covid-19 in Colombia: the majority of deaths are from strata one, two and three – Health

Because of the pandemic, Colombia has increased its mortality from natural causes by 55.5%, compared to the last 5 years. This data comes from the latest mortality report released this Friday by the National Administrative Department of Statistics (Dane), which also shows that the excess of deaths from all causes between 2020 and so far in 2021 it is 47.5% more than expected.

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It is so clear that this overflow is due to the lethality caused by the SARS-CoV-2, that the highest number of deaths registered in the analyzed period coincides with the highest point of the pandemic peak, which occurred between June and the first days of July 2021, in which the daily averages of deaths from all causes were 811 and 731, respectively.

Similarly, it can be seen that so far in 2021, the deaths confirmed by covid-19, exceeded those that occurred throughout 2020 for the same cause, to the point that between June 7 and July 4, 2021 There were an average of 3,861 weekly deaths from confirmed cases and 436 from suspected cases, and from May 28 to July 6, the pandemic left more than 500 deaths a day.

Pandemic and demographics

Although it is clear that mortality from covid-19 is more frequent in older people, the Dane report confirms it, there is a decrease in the ages of the affected people. So much so that in 2021, compared to a national covid-19 mortality rate of 133 per 100,000 people, in adults over 60 years it is 674.5 deaths per 100,000 people in this age range.

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However, as of April 2021, the number of deaths increased by covid-19 between 30 and 44 years at a level that reaches 11.2% of the total number of deaths on July 4. Another group that increases its participation are the deaths between 45 and 59 years old, which in mid-June reached 29.4% of the total.

Dane’s mortality analysis provides important data on the social impact of the pandemic and records, for example, that 24.7% of all deaths left by the pandemic are married men, 9.9% correspond to widowed women, 9.3% are married women and 8.8% are single men.

With regard to educational level, it is striking that 34.1% of the dead barely reached primary education; 13 out of 100 had a secondary level, and the contribution of professionals to mortality was 2.6%. To this is added that 76.2% of deaths from covid-19 occurred in households made up of between 2 and 5 people.

(We recommend reading: Delta variant of covid-19 could be one of the most contagious in the world)

Although the impact of the pandemic on the strata had already been defined, the Dane It confirms that stratum 1 has contributed the 4th part of the dead; stratum 2, 36.2%, and stratum 6, barely 1.1%. Strata 1, 2 and 3 are related to 87.4% of all deaths, and in strata 1 and 2 6 out of 10 victims of the virus are concentrated.

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(Too: In Colombia, 11.4 million already have the complete scheme)

* Health Editor


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