A survey prepared by Criteria Research and the platform for citizen participation promoted by the University of Chile and the Catholic University We have to talk about Chile, rescued the meaning and value that Chileans give to dialogue as a tool to overcome conflicts.
The poll, conducted a few days before the historic constitutional plebiscite of October 25, revealed that a 91 percent of respondents agree that “It is important to reach agreements on major issues in the country” and a 90 percent, with what “It is important to listen to different opinions to solve problems”, the study authors reported today.
Who should generate these agreements? A 67 percent of respondents estimate that National problems must be resolved through a “broad dialogue between citizens leading to major agreements”while only one 7 percent believes that It must be between politicians.
Similarly, a 47 percent think that agreements generated between citizens are more likely to generate solutions to problems that afflict us, versus a 11 percent who believes that these will be better resolved by the political class.
Regarding the climate of dialogue there is a negative assessment of current conditions: only a 7 percent think that in Chile there is good coexistence among those who think differently, while a 75 percent of respondents believe that “A climate of disqualification has been installed where the opinion of those who think differently is not respected.”
Also, a 69 percent agree or strongly agree that “People in Chile are more concerned with giving their opinion than with understanding someone else’s.”
And with whom do Chileans prefer to dialogue? On the one hand, families and friends are the groups that best promote dialogue, with a 82 percent and 78 percent of preferences; while social networks and school representatives are the instances where it is more difficult to converse with 37 percent and 20 percent, respectively.
At the level of institutions or social articulations, universities and neighborhood organizations were identified as the entities that most help to generate a dialogue in the country, with a valuation of 58 percent and 56 percent. Not so the political parties: 82 percent think that they help little or nothing to generate a climate of dialogue.
For Hernán Hochschild, executive director of We Have to Talk about Chile, these resultss “show a great dilemma”: “People want dialogue in an overwhelming majority. They want agreements that complement us. They value and believe in dialogue in diversity, but feel there is a different anti-thinking climate in politics and in society. Everyone wants dialogue, but we are not talking “, he raised.