Diabetic coma: these are the causes

The star hairdresser had long suffered from diabetes

The term diabetes mellitus from the Greek “diabainein” for “flow” and the Latin term “mellitus” for “honey sweet” describe a typical symptom of the disease: the accumulated blood sugar is excreted in the urine via the kidneys. Diabetes is one Metabolic diseasewhich affects the action of the hormone insulin.

Diabetes in adults due to insulin resistance

Setting of Insulin is the transport of grape sugar (glucose) from food to the cells of the muscles, kidneys, liver and adipose tissue. There the glucose is used to generate energy. If there is a lack of insulin, the sugar in the blood from food remains unused. It is characteristic of type 2 diabetes that the amount of hormone actually produced does not reach its target. The binding sites on the cell membrane required for this decrease over time due to a constant excess of sugar. This phenomenon is called Insulin resistance intended. Because this type of diabetes occurs primarily in the elderly, it was previously known as adult diabetes. The proportion of younger patients is now increasing. About 95 percent of diabetics get type 2, only three to five get type 1.

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Acidification and diabetic coma from hypoglycemia

There are acute complications that can occur with high blood sugar. This is a metabolic acidification of the blood and body called diabetic ketoacidosis. It occurs mainly in type 1 diabetes as well as in hyperosmolar dehydration syndrome, which occurs mainly in type 2 diabetes. Both forms of metabolic dysfunction can lead to diabetic coma or hyperosmolar coma if left untreated.

Infections or insufficient insulin dose

Diabetic ketoacidosis is characterized by blood sugar levels greater than 250 mg / dl. Usually it is caused by infection or a low dose of insulin. The body has an insulin deficiency, so that the body cells cannot be supplied with sufficient energy. When the sharply increased blood sugar concentration causes the kidney threshold to be exceeded, pronounced glucosuria occurs, which can lead to progressive dehydration with electrolyte imbalances, decreased awareness of the coma, volume depletion shock and acute kidney failure.

Sources: zuck Krank.de/RTL.de

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