The president of U.S, Donald Trump, renewed this Wednesday, September 16 the warning against Mexico about combat drug trafficking. The country managed to free the ultimatum last year, which could mean cuts in future bilateral aid.
Trump praise the progress of the administration of the Mexican president Andrés Manuel López Obrador at Memo Presidential to Determine the Main Countries of Production and Transit of Illegal Drugs of 2020. However asked to protect US and Mexican citizens from cartels.
Unless the Mexican government demonstrates substantial progress in the coming year, backed by verifiable data, Mexico will run a serious risk of being found to have demonstrably failed to meet its international drug control commitments.
“Drug seizures in Mexico are still too low in the face of these critical drug threats. These cartels represent a clear threat for Mexico and the ability of the Mexican government to exercise effective control over parts of its country (…)
“Mexico must clearly demonstrate your commitment to dismantling the cartels and their criminal enterprises and do more to protect the lives of Mexican and US citizens threatened by these groups, “he added.
The Presidential Memorandum was established by the United States Capitol in 2002 and replaced the anti-drug certification policy that required the White House administration to confirm that countries provided “Full cooperation”.
The document asks to indicate only to those countries that “demonstrably fail”.
This year, Mexico successfully passed asset forfeiture reforms, increased extraditions of dangerous drug traffickers to the United States, made substantial progress in completing its first poppy yield study in 17 years, and developed an anti-drug strategy. While these are signs of progress, more needs to be done
According to figures from the Capitol, the anti-drug alliance between the US and Mexico has grown: starting with the Merida Initiative in 2008, proximity and anti-crime assistance adds more than USD 3,100 million during that period.
U.S “remains ready to deepen its partnership with Mexico to address these shared challenges and welcomes the opportunity to develop joint drug control objectives with Mexico and bilateral investigations based on the transparent and open exchange of information and investigative evidence that will lead to successful prosecutions, ”stated this year’s Memorandum.
President López Obrador publicly mentioned in May 2019 that the Mérida Initiative would disappear to redirect those resources to the development of Central America. However, currently anti-crime funds allocated by the US government remain unchanged.
The Mexican government must recognize the alarming trend towards fentanyl production within its territory. It should prioritize law enforcement actions targeting the cartels’ fentanyl production and trafficking. More must also be done to tackle the cartels’ growing methamphetamine production
The total bilateral assistance that was allocated by the United States Congress for Mexico, during fiscal year 2020, reached USD 150 millionaccording to the latest report from the Capitol Legislative Investigation Service. The figure was higher than originally requested by Donald Trump.
“Mexico must continue to extradite key criminal actors, intensify exhaustive investigations and seizure of drugs and assets, and implement a robust poppy eradication program based on data and linked to sustainable alternative development”, He specified.
The US National Office for Drug Control (ONDCP) stated in its most recent estimates that the cultivation of amapola in Mexico he had an alleged 27% reduction during 2019 compared to the previous year.
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