Early blood sugar treatment prevents heart attacks and deaths – medical practice

Avoid dangers due to high blood pressure early on

It is very important that people with type 2 diabetes get their blood sugar levels under control as quickly as possible. According to a recent study, this has a significant impact on the future risk of heart attacks and premature death over the next 30 years.

Joint research by the University of Gothenburg and the University of Oxford examined the importance of blood sugar levels from the time of diagnosis of type 2 diabetes on the risk of heart attacks and death. The results were published in the English-language journal “Diabetes Care“Published.

Role of blood sugar levels

The new study is based on a key study on type 2 diabetes, the so-called UK Prospective Diabetes Study (UKPDS). The current analysis evaluates the role of blood sugar levels in the prognosis of the first few years after the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes Heart attacks and one death within the next ten to twenty years, the team reports.

20 percent lower risk of premature death

The results of the investigation show that blood sugar levels in the first few years after diagnosis of type 2 diabetes has a much greater impact on future prognosis than was previously assumed by experts.

The researchers emphasize that adjusting blood sugar levels according to treatment guidelines (HbA1c 52 mmol / mol or lower) from the time of diagnosis is associated with an approximately 20 percent lower risk of death ten to 15 years later, compared to a higher blood sugar level (HbA1c 63 mmol / mol).

Early blood sugar treatment is very important

“These latest results demonstrate that adequate, early blood glucose management in type 2 diabetes is critical to optimizing diabetes care. So far, we have not done this type of analysis and we have not understood the importance of early blood sugar control for the prognosis. They also mean that we have to focus more on detecting type 2 diabetes as early as possible in order to prevent people from living with undetected high blood sugar levels for several years, ”reports study author Professor Marcus Lind of the University of Gothenburg in a Press release.

According to study author Professor Rury Holman of the Radcliffe Department of Medicine at the University of Oxford, these new findings are a possible explanation for the so-called glycemia legacy effect. This was first identified at UKPDS and the discovery of the effect has led to treatment guidelines around the world now recommending achieving a healthy blood sugar control as early as possible, adds Professor Holman.

It has been shown that the introduction of good blood sugar control in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes reduces the risk of diabetic complications and premature death for up to 30 years, the expert said. (as)

Author and source information

This text complies with the requirements of specialist medical literature, medical guidelines and current studies and has been checked by medical professionals.

Swell:

  • University of Gothenburg: Early blood-sugar levels in type 2 diabetes crucial for future prognosis (veröffentlicht 08.07.2021), University of Gothenburg
  • Marcus Lind, Henrik Imberg, Ruth L. Coleman, Olle Nerman, Rury R. Holman: Historical HbA1c Values May Explain the Type 2 Diabetes Legacy Effect: UKPDS 88, in Diabetes Care (veröffentlicht 07.07.2021), Diabetes Care

Important NOTE:
This article is for general guidance only and is not intended to be used for self-diagnosis or self-treatment. He can not substitute a visit at the doctor.

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