Paris – AFP
On Thursday, the European Space Agency chose the “Envision” probe for use in the exploration of Venus in the early 2030s, to understand the reasons for the transformation of the planet closest to Earth into an uninhabitable hell.
The European Agency stated, in a statement, that the “Envision” probe, which was in competition with another mission called “Tezius”, was recently selected from the Scientific Program Committee thanks to the “revolutionary” technology adopted in it. The total budget of the mission is 610 million euros.
According to the statement, the probe will transmit a series of European instruments that provide a comprehensive view of the planet and its inner nuclei in the upper atmosphere, to determine the way in which Venus and Earth evolved in this different way.
The probe will not be launched before 2031 at the earliest, with a possible launch in 2032 and 2033. After liftoff, the probe will need about 15 months to reach its destination, and an additional 16 months to stand in its orbit at an altitude of 220 km to 540 km above Venus.
The spectrometers placed in the probe will monitor the gases in the atmosphere, and will analyze the composition of the surface “in search of any change associated with indicators of active volcanic activity.” A radar provided by the US space agency (NASA) will send images and maps of the surface.
It will allow the instrument to probe the inner surface of the planet and its gravitational field.
This announcement comes a week after NASA announced two missions to Venus, named “Da Vinci” and “Veritas”, between 2028 and 2030.
The European Space Agency’s previous mission, Venus Express (2005-2014), focused mainly on atmospheric research.