European women possess a ‘fertility gene’ inherited directly from Neanderthals

One in three European women carries in their genes a very particular piece of DNA, a gene inherited directly from Neanderthals and whose function is to help encode the receptor for the hormone progesterone (PGR). According to a study recently published in the journal Molecular Biology and Evolution, the progesterone receptor is closely associated with increased fertility, less bleeding during the early stages of pregnancy, and fewer miscarriages. The work has been carried out by a team of researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Germany and the Karolinska Institute in Sweden.

According to Hugo Zeberg, who together with Janet Kelso and Svante Pääbo is one of the authors of the article, “he is … See More.

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