Famine: Ethiopia and Madagascar at maximum alert level (FAO and WFP)

Of the 23 outbreaks of famine identified in the latest joint report of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the United Nations World Food Program (WFP), more than half (14) are in Africa, can we read in an article published on the UN News site.

Angola, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique, Nigeria, Central African Republic (CAR), Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Central Sahel (Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger), Sierra Leone and Liberia, Somalia, Sudan, South Sudan, and Chad are on the list of the 23 outbreaks of famine published on Friday by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the United Nations World Food Program (WFP).

According to the report of the two UN food agencies, Ethiopia and Madagascar are the most recent centers of famine, at the maximum alert level.

“Ethiopia is facing a devastating food emergency linked to the ongoing conflict in the Tigray region, where it remains very difficult to reach those desperately in need,” UN News informs.

According to forecasts, from the FAO and the WFP, approximately “401,000 people will be in a catastrophic situation by September, a number which has not been reached in a single country since the famine of 2011 in Somalia”.

With regard to southern Madagascar, “the worst drought in the country in 40 years combined with rising food prices, sandstorms and pests that attack staple crops is going probably plunge 28,000 people into starvation conditions by the end of the year ”.

The two UN food security institutions underline in their report that “these new maximum alerts issued for Ethiopia and Madagascar are in addition to those which apply to South Sudan and northern Nigeria, which remain among the hotbeds of insecurity. of greatest concern in the world ”.

Conflict, extreme weather events and economic shocks are likely to remain the main drivers of acute food insecurity for the period from August to November 2021, according to the FAO and WFP report.

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