Home » Entertainment » festivals invited to go green

festivals invited to go green

France, land of festivals? Yes, and more than ever. Contrary to what was commonly put forward, it is not 3,000 festivals that take place each year in France but some 10,000, all disciplines combined (music, theater, dance, circus, cinema, books, etc.). The mapping work launched within the framework of the Estates General of Festivals (EGF) should result in this impressive figure.

“Quantitative knowledge of this popular cultural form was sorely lacking. This figure is an additional argument to lay the foundations for a new state policy in favor of festivals ”, defended, Wednesday 1is December in Toulouse, the Minister of Culture, Roselyne Bachelot.

Many compliments

Closing the third and final stage of the EGF – started in October 2020 in Avignon and then in June in Bourges -, the Minister announced increased financial support for festivals, crowning them with numerous compliments: “Cement of collective life”, “Special moments for meeting artists with a large audience”, “Major elements of city identity and regional development”, “place of emergence of new artistic forms”, etc.

Read also Article reserved for our subscribers After the cancellation of festivals this summer, a violent economic shock wave

Thus, the finance bill for 2022 provides for an additional 10 million euros to support these cultural events. This envelope will be added to the 35 million euros already granted in 2019 to 757 events and should make it possible to support more “small” festivals.

Edwige Millery, from the Department of Studies of the Ministry of Culture: “Festivization rhymes with metropolization”

France has experienced a “Festivization of culture over the past ten years”, notes Emmanuel Négrier, research director at the CNRS, specialist in festivals. With the Department of Studies, Foresight and Statistics (DEPS) of the Ministry of Culture and the France festivals network, the CNRS is currently monitoring the phenomenon, the overall results of which will be known in spring 2022.

So far, eight regions have been mapped and already more than 4,500 festivals have been listed (985 in Occitanie, 845 in Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur, 825 in New Aquitaine, etc.). “Festivization rhymes with metropolization”, explains Edwige Millery, member of DEPS. The metropolis of Bordeaux, for example, concentrates 52% of the region’s festivals. “Festivization also rhymes with musicalization”, she continues. Thus, more than four in ten festivals are music festivals. The irrigation of more rural areas is more driven by literary or cinematographic events.

Ten Sustainable Development Goals

Beyond this inventory, finally carried out, increased financial support for festivals will be conditional on compliance with a new sustainable development charter.

Developed in conjunction with local authorities and professional organizations, this four-page document has ten objectives, including soft mobility, energy consumption, food (“Healthy” and in short circuit), waste management, respect for sites, but also “Live better together” (accessibility, equality, diversity) and “Fair remuneration” artists. “Sustainable development is not only decarbonization but also social exemplarity”, insisted the director general of artistic creation at the ministry of culture, Christopher Miles.

Read also Cultural industries will be supported to the tune of 400 million euros

In addition to signing this sustainable development charter, in order to benefit from ministerial support, festivals must meet a number of criteria: have produced at least two editions, promote gender equality, fight against gender-based and sexual violence, promote diversity and the fight against discrimination and develop a program guaranteeing independence and freedom of creation. On this last point, Roselyne Bachelot clarified that the objective was to avoid “Large groups with expansionist and sprawling aims”.

These events are dominated by contemporary music (30%), followed by live performance (19%), books (16%), cinema (14%), scholarly music (12%), visual arts (9 %)

From Francofolies de La Rochelle to the Correspondence Festival of Grignan (Drôme), from Jazz in Marciac (Gers) to the Festival d’Avignon, from Montpellier Danse to the Musical Nights of Uzès (Gard), the world of festivals is by nature heterogeneous.

In a work entitled Festivals, territories and society (co-published by the Ministry of Culture and Sciences Po Press, 260 p., 22 euros), Emmanuel Négrier and Aurélien Djakouane conducted an unprecedented sociological study among 1,400 events. We learn, in particular, that these events are dominated by contemporary music (30%). Then come the performing arts (19%), books (16%), cinema (14%), scholarly music (12%), visual arts (9%). Almost three quarters of festivals have a budget of less than 270,000 euros.

According to this work, the “Sociological portrait” festival-goers has changed little over the past ten years. It’s about “Of a woman, 48 years old, living in the region of the festival, highly educated, active, manager or exercising a higher intellectual profession”.

Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.