United Nations General Assembly President Volkan Bozkir announced on Friday that Brazil, Gabon, Ghana, Albania and the United Arab Emirates have been elected to the Security Council as non-permanent members for the years 2022 and 2023.
Bozkir told representatives of member states of the General Assembly at a session held at the headquarters of the international organization in New York that the five countries will begin their terms from January 1, 2022 until December 31, 2023.
He specified in this sense that “Out of the 193 members of the United Nations called to vote, Ghana obtained 185 votes, Gabon 183 votes, Brazil 181 votes, the United Arab Emirates obtained 179 votes and Albania 175 votes. “.
The five newly elected countries did not meet any opposition to sit on this body during the vote.
They thus replace Estonia, Niger, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Vietnam and Tunisia whose mandate expires on December 31, 2021.
To sit on the Security Council as a non-permanent member, each country must necessarily obtain two-thirds of the votes of the Member States of the General Assembly (193 countries), i.e. the support of at least 129 countries in the event that all Member States of the General Assembly participate in the voting operation, even if the candidate countries do not encounter opposition to seek the seats.
To ensure geographical representation, seats are allocated by regional groups.
The vote for the five seats took place according to the following geographical distribution: two seats for the “Africa Group” (currently occupied by Niger and Tunisia), one seat for the “Asia-Pacific Group” (currently occupied by the Viet Nam), one seat for the Latin America and the Caribbean Group (currently occupied by Saint Vincent and the Grenadines), and one seat for the Eastern European Group (currently occupied by Estonia).
The Security Council consists of 15 members, including five permanent members: China, the United States of America, the Russian Federation, France and the United Kingdom, and 10 members elected by the General Assembly for a two-year term. Each year, the latter elects five new non-permanent members.
The first principal task of the Security Council under the Charter of the United Nations is “to maintain international peace and security and to investigate any dispute or situation which might lead to disagreement between nations”.
* Translated from Arabic by Majdi Ismail
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