New Delhi: According to the National Family Health Survey released by the Union Ministry of Health, the average number of children born to a woman in India (Total Fertility Rate) has doubled. The national fertility rate for 2015–16 was 2.2. For the first time in the country, the number of women has surpassed the number of men. The new rate is 1020 females for every 1000 males. According to the survey, 67 per cent of the people in the state use family planning methods. Earlier it was 57 per cent.
Reproduction rates are lower in countries with a total fertility rate (TFR) of less than 2.1, according to the United Nations. According to a survey conducted in 2019–21, the fertility rate is 1.6 in rural areas and 2.1 in urban areas. “This is a clear indication of the long-term stability of the country’s population,” said Dr. Krishna Kumar, director of the International Institute of Population Sciences. KS Jais told the national media.
‘It is estimated that a father and mother will be replaced by 2 children. The country is benefiting from a fertility rate of 2.1. That is why we can pay more attention to the health of mothers and children, “he said.
According to the survey, Bihar (3), Meghalaya (2.9), Uttar Pradesh (2.4), Jharkhand (2.3) and Manipur (2.2) have the highest fertility rate above 2. The TFR national average in Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan is 2. Bengal, Maharashtra (1.6 each), Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Tripura (1.7), Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Arunachal Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha (1.8), Haryana, Assam, Gujarat, Uttarakhand, Mizoram 1.9 ) Is the rate of reproduction in other states.
English Summary: Fertility rate falls to below replacement level, signals population is stabilising