The military and, overall, the police, vote more on the far right than the average in French society. This electorate is not easy to isolate, given its low numerical weight in the whole population, but the detail of the votes in the small municipalities where the soldiers are numerous undoubtedly proves an overstep for the National Rally (RN) . This electorate is obviously not homogeneous: if, very roughly, 4 out of 10 soldiers vote for the far right – nearly twice the national average – 6 out of 10 vote elsewhere.
Thus the town of La Cavalerie, near the Larzac camp, in Aveyron, which hosts more than a thousand soldiers of the 13e demi-brigade of the Foreign Legion, voted 33.7% for the RN in the first round of the 2017 presidential election – and as much in the 2019 European elections – i.e. double the rest of the department (16.2% ). In the Marne, near the military maneuver camps, Mourmelon-le-Petit voted in the Europeans at 41.3% for the RN (11.1 points more than the departmental average), Mourmelon-le-Grand, at 44, 9% (+ 14.7 points), or Suippes, 45.5% (+ 15.3 points).
Mailly-le-Camp, in the Aube, which hosts the 5e regiment of dragons, voted in 2019 at 50.4% for the RN list for Europeans, 17 points more than the rest of the department. Comparable results are observed in the municipalities of Sissonne (Aisne), which is home to the 94e infantry regiment, in Auxonne (Côte-d’Or), where the 511 is stationede train regiment, but also in Ventiseri (Haute-Corse), around air base 126: 43.6% for the RN, against an average of 26.5% in the north of the island.
The Lepenist vote saw a first leap between the 2012 presidential election and the 2014 European ones, observe Jérôme Fourquet and Sylvain Manternach (Who do the barracks vote for?, Fondation Jean-Jaurès, July 15, 2019), and the National Front’s audience increased very significantly in the first round of the 2015 regional elections, a few weeks after the attacks of November 13, to reach new heights: 53.7% in Mailly-le-Camp, 55.3% in Mourmelon-le-Petit, 54.3% in Suippes …
The vote of the mobile gendarmes, who are also soldiers, is in line: Marine Le Pen obtained 42.1% in the first round of the 2012 presidential election in the office of the barracks of Hyères (Var), i.e. 20 , 3 points more than in the rest of a city where it traditionally obtains good results. But in Rennes, for example, where the RN candidate had gathered in 2012 only 7.3% of the vote, the barracks office recorded a score of 19.8%.
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