Gardnerella vaginalis infection: Causes and Treatments –

The vaginal flora is made up of many microorganisms, whose role is to limit urogenital infections. In other words, it is the body’s main defense against infections in the genital area. Among the microorganisms that contribute to the protection of the vaginal flora, we find the gardnerella vaginalis. The latter is from the Bifidobacteriaceae family. It is also the only species of the genus gardnerella. However, an overgrowth of this microorganism can lead to an imbalance in the vaginal flora, thus leading to an infection in the vagina. Discover in this article all the information relating to the causes, symptoms and treatments of a gardnerella vaginalis infection.

Overview of gardnerella vaginalis

You can define the gardnerella vaginalis as being a stretchingmore specifically a bacteriumwhich is found naturally in the flora vaginal, but in small quantities. It is therefore part of microbiota vaginal. When this bacterium is responsible for infections in the the organ genital feminineWe are talking about vaginosis bacterial.

Men are less affected by this microbe and when they are affected, they show no symptoms. During the vaginites bacterial, contamination of the male partner is indeed possible, but infrequent. Although it can be transmitted from a woman to a man during sexual intercourse, the gardnerella vaginalis is not perceived as a bacterium cause of a sexually transmitted infection.

Causes of gardnerella vaginalis vaginal infection

We find in the vagina a bacterium called lactobacille. The latter represents the main defensive weapon of the zone genital. She is in balance with others agents pathogensamong which is the gardnerella vaginalis.

However, a disappearance of lactobacille triggers the proliferation of gardnerella vaginalis : it is thus an imbalance between bacteria. Such an imbalance affects the flora vaginal and leads to a vaginosis. This can take various forms. It may appear as a vaginitis or a vulvitis.

Symptoms of Gardnerella vaginalis infection

When the gardnerella vaginalis is in large quantities in the vagina, some signs may appear. It’s about :

  • vaginal itching;
  • vaginal bleeding after intercourse;
  • strong vaginal odors.

In addition, we can talk about burning during urination or vaginal discharge.

When these symptoms become troublesome, it is best for infected people to consult a doctor, specifically a gynecologist. The latter then makes a exam clinique and if possible a analyse bacteriological. He must also question the patient. These various examinations, in addition to the interrogation and the symptoms that the infected people present, will allow him to establish a precise diagnosis.

NB : The overpresence of gardnerella vaginalis in the genital area does not usually cause complications. Nevertheless, there is a risk of recurrence of vaginosis.

Drug treatment of gardnerella vaginalis infection

To eliminate excess gardnerella vaginalis present in the flora vaginalthe physician should prescribe to the patient antibiotics. Of these, the medication most commonly prescribed is metronidazole. The treatment at metronidazole may extend over nearly two weeks, in order to obtain complete healing.

In addition, the doctor may also prescribe the patient secnidazole. The use of this medication is also recommended for pregnant women, to the detriment of the metronidazole (due to the various side effects of this drug).

Some drugs like hydralin balance where the physioflorAC can also be used, to rebalance the potential hydrogen from flora vaginal. These medications are also available over-the-counter.

Compliance with the treatment guarantees the cure of the infection, as well as the elimination of the gardnerella vaginalis. However, the downside is that there is a permanent risk of recurrence.

Natural treatment for gardnerella vaginalis infection

Like conventional medical treatments, it is possible to use a few natural tricks to eliminate excess gardnerella vaginalis at the origin of the vaginosis. These boil down to the use of certain natural elements.

Apple cider vinegar against the bacterium gardnerella vaginalis

The use of vinegar of cider represents an excellent remedy to eliminate the gardnerella vaginalispresent in the vagina and thus treat the vaginosis bacterial. Indeed, this remedy has an acidic nature. Its use could therefore make it possible to strengthen acidity vaginal. The more acidic the vaginal area, the less harmful bacteria can grow. Thus, the reinforcement of the vaginal acidity makes it possible to eliminate the surplus of gardnerella vaginalis.

To effectively use the vinegar of cider against the gardnerella vaginalis, the patient just has to introduce it into her bath water, then sit in it for about twenty minutes. Once this time has expired, she should lightly pat the vaginal area dry with a clean towel. The patient must perform this exercise once a day, until the total disappearance of the signs of vaginosis bacterial.


Just like the vinegar of ciderthe yogurt can be used to fight against bacteria gardnerella vaginalis. Indeed, it contains certain bacteria which can allow the elimination of the gardnerella vaginalis and maintain the balance of microbiota vaginal.

To effectively use the yogurt against the gardnerella vaginalisit’s necessary :

  • soak a cotton ball in yogurt;
  • apply cotton to the genital area;
  • clean the area with cool water after half an hour.

The person affected has the possibility of carrying out this trick three times a day, until the symptoms disappear. In the absence of the application, the consumption of the yogurt is a viable option, as it may allow a reduction in the growth of the gardnerella vaginalis. The direct consequence is the restoration of the potential hydrogen from flora vaginal.

tea tree oil

It has excellent antibacterial and antifungal properties. These can be useful in “eradicating” the bacteria gardnerella vaginalis. Tea tree oil is also very effective against bad vaginal odor, that characterize the vaginosis bacterial.

Its use is far from complex. Just add it to lukewarm water to perform a vaginal rinse. This treatment must be done over a month. It is also possible to mix tea tree oil with white vinegar to bathe the affected area.


Antibiotic naturelgarlic can be considered to eliminate the gardnerella vaginalis and treat the vaginosis bacterial. To do this, it will be necessary to crush it, then apply the puree obtained at the level of the vagina. 20 minutes after application, the vagina should be rinsed off with lukewarm water. This delay will allow the garlic puree to work effectively. In addition, another possible option is to eat garlic in raw form. For those who will find it difficult to tolerate its taste, they can combine it with honey.


Beneficial in case of vaginal infection, the fenugreek can be used to fight infection gardnerella vaginalis. Indeed, it allows not only the reinforcement of the potential hydrogen from vaginabut also an acceleration of the healing process through the stimulation of the immune system.

The patient has various options for using fenugreek. One is to concoct an infusion with fenugreek seeds, then to absorb it, on an empty stomach. To this infusion can be added honey. Another option is to introduce a teaspoon of fenugreek powder into yogurt. The resulting mixture must be ingested.

Coconut oil

Thanks to its properties antibacterial, antiviral and antifungal, coconut oil is used to kill gardnerella vaginalis bacteria. To use it, the patient can introduce it, from time to time, in her culinary preparations or apply it in the vagina.

However, when the patient decides to apply coconut oil to her part genitalshe must make sure to rinse this area, no later than ten minutes after application.


called again neem, the neem tree comes from Asia, more precisely from India. Its antibacterial and antifungal properties help relieve symptoms caused by the proliferation of bacteria gardnerella vaginalis. They also allow the elimination of the latter.

To take full advantage of the virtues of margousier, it is necessary to make a poultice using its leaves. To do this, it is necessary to heat only the neem leaves, grind them, then mix the paste obtained with a little water so that it is homogeneous. It is this paste that the affected patient will have to put around the vagina, in small quantities. Half an hour later, she can rinse her genital area with lukewarm water.

oregano oil

The antibacterial and antifungal abilities of oil oregano allow it to combat the proliferation of bacteria gardnerella vaginalis. To benefit from these different virtues, it is recommended to favor oil oregano, not containing alcohol. Once purchased, the patient can combine it with oil olive oil, then apply the resulting mixture to the affected area. In addition, a cleaning of the latter with clean water must be carried out.

In addition, the patient can simply mix this oil with lukewarm water and then absorb the resulting solution.

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