According to a National Education report published in 2019, the path and success of young people, as well as their choice of orientations and further studies, are very different for girls and boys. These differences have an impact on integration into the labor market, and are the source of professional and salary inequalities between women and men. To combat these professional inequalities, Claude Roiron, ministerial delegate for equality between girls and boys, has set a goal of 30% gender diversity in specialty education in high school within five years. To do this, scholarships will be awarded according to gender, from the start of the 2022 school year.
For true diversity, boys should focus more on jobs reserved for girls
In 1959, the Berthoin reform legalized mixed secondary schools. From that moment on, more and more women find their place in “a man’s world”. However, as reflected in studies of changing perceptions of traditional gender roles, it is often girls who change the way they see things, increasingly taking on “non-traditional” roles and jobs. This change does not take place in the same way on the boys’ side. According to a survey carried out by Lego, for example, girls have indeed changed their perceptions, which previously followed stereotypes long held in society. On the contrary, 71% of the boys questioned feared that they would be laughed at if they played with what they described as “girls’ toys”. At school too, explains Claude Roiron in L’Express, the change has always been done in one direction: “it is the girls who have gradually moved towards training that was previously reserved for boys. Never the other way around. ”
There is no real gender equality at school
According to Claude Roiron, we lived in a false boy-girl equality at school, because the educational institution has not yet seriously analyzed the subject. As a result, career choices are more gendered today than they were twenty years ago. A note from the Department of Evaluation, Prospective and Performance of National Education: “nearly nine out of ten students who chose” mathematics and SI “or” mathematics and NSI “are boys. The doublet” mathematics and physics “remains largely male (64%). Conversely, among the students who chose” humanities and LLCER “and” humanities and SES “, more than 8/10 are girls. They are also over-represented in the doublets. “LLCER and SES”, “HGGSP and LLCER”, and “HGGSP and humanities.” It is on these sectors that the National Education wants to work.
A gender minority scholarship
The “equality scholarships” will therefore aim to change the situation, and will aim to provide real diversity in these training courses historically reserved for either girls or boys. From the next school year, at first, second year scholarship students will be offered a kind of bonus in their allowance, which could go up to several tens of euros per month if they choose a specialty education in first. where they are a minority in gender. These boys who opt for philosophy and literature, or these girls who choose engineering or digital science, will therefore be rewarded. “This bonus could be doubled in the final year if the teaching is retained”, details the ministerial delegate. To avoid stigmatizing the poorest students by reserving this scholarship for scholarship students, this experiment hopes to be extended to a wider audience. However, according to Claude Roiron, it may take a few years, because “we will give ourselves time to achieve our goal.”