Many people don’t get enough sleep at night, and new research links lack of sleep to long-term health consequences. The specific study found that adults with the healthiest sleep patterns had a 42 percent lower risk of heart failure than those with a less healthy sleep routine, regardless of other risk factors. However, the same is true in cases where people get too much sleep. In addition, the researchers found that the average person needs around 7 hours of sleep a night.
How can getting enough sleep affect heart health?
The study examined 5 sleep behaviors through analysis and observation of the relationship between healthy sleep and heart failure. This included data from over 400,000 participants aged 37 to 73 years. The researchers recorded more than 5,000 cases of heart failure during a mean follow-up of 10 years. They examined the sleep quality and general sleep patterns of the participants. This included length of sleep, insomnia, snoring and other factors. Such was, for example, whether someone was an early bird or a night owl and whether he was sleepy during the day. The results show how important it is to improve general sleep patterns in order to prevent heart failure. After adjusting to conditions like diabetes, high blood pressure, and drug use, the researchers found that participants with the healthiest sleep habits had a 42 percent lower risk of heart failure than those with less healthy sleep patterns. Participants who did not report daytime sleepiness had a 34 percent lower risk of heart failure.
So, according to the study authors, poor sleep can affect heart health in many ways. One such mechanism is blood pressure. During sleep, blood pressure is expected to be much lower than during the day, usually below 120/70. According to the researchers, that remains Blood pressure in sleep disorders higher over a longer period of time. Such high blood pressure is a very strong risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, which include stroke, heart attack and heart failure. There have also been some studies showing a higher risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus, an equivalent of cardiovascular disease, with a lack of sleep. Accordingly, it was found that getting enough sleep can improve blood sugar control.
Risk of obesity due to poor sleep patterns
Obesity is also a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease and a very common condition. This often leads to sleep apnea, which is also a major risk factor for many heart problems. Lack of sleep can also lead to unhealthy weight gain. A number of epidemiological studies have been published showing an association between short sleep times and excessive body weight in all age groups. According to the authors, the most common medical reason for poor sleep is this study sleep apnea syndrome. Anyone can tell this very easily, and it not only leads to poor sleep, but also increases the risk of heart disease, high blood pressure and an increased risk of stroke.