Ghali asks to renegotiate the 1991 agreement because “the situation has changed”

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Algiers, Oct 16 (EFE) .- The leader of the Polisario Front and president of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR), Brahim Ghali, called today for a renegotiation of the ceasefire agreement signed under the auspices of the UN in 1991 because, in his opinion, it must adapt “to the new circumstances.”

In an intervention in the refugee camps set up in the Algerian region of Tindouf, Ghali warned, however, that the self-determination referendum accepted then continues to be a red line for the Saharawi people.

“It must be remembered that the appointment of the new UN special envoy (Steffan de Mistura) is not an end in itself. The objective is the decolonization of Western Sahara ”, he pointed out.

“And fulfill the commitments signed between the two parties through the celebration of the self-determination referendum. Your success will depend on your ability to enforce the objectives. Unfortunately, after 30 years of UN presence in Western Sahara, failure has been the fate of all the envoys, ”he stressed.

In line with this argument, the president of the SADR, recognized by dozens of countries, recalled that the Sahrawis were the first to accept the candidacy of the Italian-Swedish diplomat and insisted that he must be aware that “it is Morocco that makes a policy obstructive.”


But at the same time, the Security Council has been unable to enforce respect for international law. Di Mistura arrives at a special moment, marked by the breaking of the ceasefire and the resumption of the war ”, he declared.

“It is a new scenario that requires a new treatment by the Security Council to repair the mistakes of these 30 years. The Security Council must be aware of the danger facing the region. Thinking about the above scenario will be a serious miscalculation ”, he warned.

The situation in the former Spanish colony of Western Sahara is extremely tense since almost a year ago Moroccan troops entered the demilitarized zone of Guerguerat, which separates Mauritania from the territories occupied in 1975 by Morocco, to dismantle a sit-in by Sahrawi civilians who They protested against the commercial use that both countries make of this conflict zone.

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A day later, the Polisario considered that the Moroccan military action represented a break from the ceasefire signed in 1991 and launched harassment operations along the wall erected by Rabat in the desert, the longest in the world.


Ghali reiterated that De Mistura’s work must be adapted to a plan whose sole purpose is to organize the consultation through “a clear roadmap, with precise dates for its execution and guarantees that allow the Security Council to oblige the parties to comply with the process ”.

“Unfortunately, the Moroccan obstruction has caused only the ceasefire to be talked about and MINURSO has become a mere observer of the truce. The ceasefire has become an instrument that Morocco uses to impose the policy of fait accompli ”, he pointed out.

“War is not an option or objective of the Saharawi people, who have never attacked any neighboring people. We assume it as parties to the legitimate defense and within the framework of international legality, “he said.


Ghali also referred to the recent ruling of the General Court of the European Union, which ruled in favor of the Polisario Front by declaring illegal the agreements between Morocco and the EU regarding the commercial exploitation of fishing, mining and agricultural resources in the occupied zones.

“The judgment of the CJEU is a historic victory that we have achieved armed with legality and justice to confront France, Spain and other EU countries. Political pressure and lobbies have not prevented the decision, “he said.

“The ruling reinforces that they are distinct and separate territories. We ask the EU to refrain from any action to satisfy Morocco. France and Spain will be responsible for any EU action,” he said, referring to possible remedies.

© Provided by Agencia EFE

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