The China Vocational Education Conference was held from April 12th to 13th. The conference emphasized the need to accelerate the construction of a modern vocational education system and cultivate more high-quality technical and technical talents. The Ministry of Education previously issued a notice stating that the general education occupation ratio at the high school level should be kept roughly the same. This means that in the future, half of middle school students may enter vocational education. As a parent, can you accept your child’s entry into vocational education? What are their views and expectations for vocational education?
Recently, the Social Survey Center of China Youth Daily conducted a special survey on vocational education of 1,353 parents of students through the questionnaire website (wenjuan.com) and found that 66.7% of the parents surveyed indicated that they could accept their children to enter vocational education. Parents interviewed in first-tier cities The acceptance of vocational education is higher. Vocational education with strong teachers (70.1%), good employment prospects (59.8%) and high school quality (59.4%) is the most promising.
89.0% of the parents interviewed are concerned about vocational education
The Ministry of Education issued a notice on April 7 stating that the development of secondary vocational education should be taken as an important foundation for popularizing high school education and building a modern vocational education system with Chinese characteristics, and maintaining a similar ratio of high school education vocational education.
This survey shows that in the future, half of middle school students may enter vocational education, and many parents have been psychologically prepared for this. 66.7% of the interviewed parents said that they could accept their children to enter vocational education, 13.3% of the interviewed parents could not accept it, and 20.0% of the interviewed parents said it was hard to say.
Interactive analysis shows that parents in first-tier cities are more accepting of vocational education, with 69.3% of them able to accept their children to enter vocational education. This is followed by second-tier cities with 66.8%. Parents in third- and fourth-tier cities have the lowest acceptance rate, accounting for 62.9%.
Chen Sihong from Hefei, Anhui, once worked as a teacher in a secondary vocational education school. He said that he is completely acceptable for his children to enter vocational education. “Whether it is vocational education or higher education, it is ultimately necessary to achieve social contact and achieve employment. Vocational education should be said to be an education direction that is highly integrated with employment.”
Zhang Yan (pseudonym) who graduated from Hunan Railway Science and Technology Vocational College is currently engaged in train dispatching and commanding work in the local railway bureau. His scores in the college entrance examination reached the scores of the two colleges, but he chose a vocational school in the end. At that time, many people around me didn’t quite understand, “In my opinion, it is not cost-effective to go to an ordinary university. Vocational colleges pay attention to professional counterparts and can learn a skill.” Zhang Yan said that the employment rate of his school is very high, and many students in the school are admitted to undergraduates.
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, especially since the State Council promulgated the “National Vocational Education Reform Implementation Plan”, my country’s vocational education reform and development have embarked on the fast track of improving quality and enhancing value-added empowerment, and the landscape of vocational education has undergone a pattern change. Today, there are 11,300 vocational schools in my country with 30.88 million students. The world’s largest vocational education system has been built, and a large number of technical and technical talents supporting economic and social development have been cultivated.
Parents’ attention to vocational education has also been greatly improved. The survey shows that 89.0% of the interviewed parents expressed concern about vocational education, of which 50.7% of the interviewed parents are very concerned, and 38.3% of the interviewed parents are more concerned. Only 11.0% of the interviewed parents said they did not pay much attention or did not pay attention at all.
Interactive analysis shows that 87.5% of elementary school students’ parents are concerned about vocational education, and junior high school parents’ attention is even higher, reaching 89.3%.
62.5% of the interviewed parents bluntly said that society has prejudice against vocational education
For a long time, social prejudice has severely restricted the development of vocational education. In fact, the “National Vocational Education Reform Implementation Plan” emphasized at the beginning that “vocational education and general education are two different types of education and have the same important status.”
Regarding vocational education, where are the main concerns of parents? In the survey, 54.7% of the interviewed parents were worried that the school ethos would be bad and affect their children. 51.8% of the interviewed parents bluntly stated that they had prejudices in social concepts and that they would lose face when they said it. Things, 34.4% of the parents interviewed worry that they will not find a decent job after graduation.
“My son does not study well, and there is no way to go to a vocational high school.” The son of Li Jianguo, a citizen of Baoji, Shaanxi, once attended a vocational high school. He felt that the management of many vocational schools was not as good as that of high schools. “The uneven teaching level, coupled with the lack of strict management in some schools, has led to a low learning atmosphere, and some students have a mentality of chaos.”
Fan Zijun, a second-year student in a vocational school in Hunan, feels that his school is fairly strict and the teachers are also very strict. “There are some who don’t learn to mess around in the class, and some who study hard, so that they won’t be as bad as the ones posted on the Internet.” He felt that he had to rely on his own self-consciousness in vocational schools and he also needed the help of others. If you meet a responsible teacher, you can ask any questions, and he will tell you what to do to get better. You just learn it seriously and then put it into practice.
As a parent, Fang Yanjuan after the 1970s is mainly concerned about the employment prospects of his children. “Many parents are also very practical. If the students from vocational education are well employed, the parents will have much less worry.”
Chen Sihong felt that the combination of local vocational education and industrial economy was not enough. The optimization of the industrial structure requires vocational education to train industrial workers in a targeted manner. The most important thing is to do a good job of matching demand. Teaching, teachers, professional settings, curriculum settings, etc. must be closely integrated with the local industrial economy to match supply and demand.
“You can no longer use other education systems to train vocational education talents. We must combine the actual economic development and accurately match the needs of the market. The talents we have worked so hard to cultivate should be able to directly enter the enterprise as soon as they leave the school. Seamless connection.” Chen Sihong said that if vocational education students still cannot meet the needs of first-line production when they enter the enterprise, it means that this training direction is problematic and will hinder the development of vocational education.
What are the problems in current vocational education? In the survey, 62.5% of the interviewed parents bluntly stated that society has prejudice against vocational education, 53.4% of the interviewed parents are worried about poor income treatment after graduation, and 38.1% of the interviewed parents feel that future development and promotion will be difficult.
Vocational education with strong teachers is the most promising
“In the industrial parks in southern Jiangsu, the manufacturing industry is relatively developed. A very important reason is that vocational education is developing very fast. Because the quality of the employees in the front-line production is very important, they must be professional and skilled.” Chen Sihong said that to realize my country’s manufacturing The transformation from a large industrial country to a strong manufacturing country requires a huge manufacturing system and a complete industrial division of labor, and it is necessary to improve the labor and cultural quality of the first-line producers. From this point of view, vigorously developing vocational education should be the only way to promote the development of manufacturing, and it is of great significance to our industrial development and economic structure optimization.
What kind of vocational education is the most promising? According to the survey, strong teachers (70.1%) ranked first. The following are in order: good employment prospects (59.8%), high school quality (59.4%), and reasonable professional settings (58.4%). It can be seen that parents are generally concerned about teaching itself. The tuition factor is rarely mentioned, and only 15.7% of people agree that the cost of learning is low.
After 00, Zhu Yutong believes that vocational education should be another way parallel to high school. In terms of teaching, great attention should be paid to practicality and practicality, so that students can rely on these skills to live decently. In terms of teachers, I hope that people in real jobs will be teachers and directly lead students to practice. In terms of employment, it is hoped that the school will directly cooperate with enterprises. “The ideal vocational education must not be a replica of high school education, but a different kind of landscape that fully meets the needs of society.”
Liu Qian, an associate researcher at the National Institute of Development and Strategy at Renmin University of China, stated that, first of all, the government’s various functional departments should cooperate horizontally and share information. According to regions and industries, they should put forward a clearer trend forecast for the demand for technical and skilled talents. On the basis of the planning and management of the scale of vocational education training; secondly, it is necessary to improve the social status of technical and skilled personnel, which will help to change people’s prejudice against vocational education.
Fan Zijun feels very hopeful for the future. Most of their classmates will go directly to factories and enterprises after graduation. A few days ago, the teacher told them that now the country attaches great importance to vocational education. As long as they are willing to work hard, they will be able to find a good job and get a good salary in the future. “It is not impossible to be a’big country craftsman’. There should be people who work hard. Bright future”.
In this survey, 27.9% of the parents and children interviewed were in elementary school, 31.0% were in junior high school, 19.1% were in high school, and 11.5% were in university, and 7.5% of the parents and children interviewed were in vocational education. 27.6% in first-tier cities, 44.3% in second-tier cities, 22.9% in third- and fourth-tier cities, 4.0% in counties or towns, and 1.2% in rural areas.