He green hydrogen it is already an issue at the country level. Fuel, which can be produced from water and renewable energies, is one of the possible and future solutions when it comes to sustainability, in fact, it will play a fundamental role in achieving the goal of carbon neutrality by 2050 .
In Chile, green hydrogen is specifically expected to contribute emission reduction estimated by the Ministry of Energy, between 25% and 27% by the year 2050, depending on the scenario.
Likewise, Chile has renewable energy potential to export them to the world and in this way to become a regional and global leader in the production of green hydrogen.
The different economic sectors of the country are already beginning to dabble in this issue.
“The mining industry has decided to play a leading role and, in fact, studies are already being developed today and helping to promote three pilot projects for green hydrogen in the industry, initiatives that aim to transport cargo at mining sites, to cells of fuels and battery fuel modules ”, stated the Minister of Mining, Baldo Prokurica.
Along these lines, the Undersecretary of Mining, Iván Cheuquelaf, he emphasized that “as a ministry we firmly support the green hydrogen initiatives in which the mining industry is participating, because it is seen as one of the most promising energy vectors of the future and if we want to be a world leader in mining we must aim towards development sustainable development of the industry, something that we just want to institutionalize in the 2050 National Mining Policy ”.
Detail of the three pilot projects in mining
He first project is related to green hydrogen in cargo transport, which seeks to develop the first trucks reconditioned to operate with dual fuel (hydrogen-diesel).
The objective of this program is to execute it with a high hydrogen substitution rate, aiming for more than 60% replacement of diesel with hydrogen.
In this way, in 2021 it is expected to start developing the first dual mining truck prototype to be tested in the real conditions of a mining site.
This initiative is made up of an international consortium: Alset Ingeniería SpA, who is in charge of the management of the program and technological development, the co-executors that are NTT Data (Japan), the Pontificia Universidad Católica and the University of Santiago.
And the participating mining companies are: BHP, Anglo American and Cap Mining. The energy companies, Acciona and Engie and the hydrogen production companies, Hydrogenics (Canada) bought by Cummins.
He second project is on the use of green hydrogen in fuel cells, whose objective is to adapt the operation of front loaders of underground mining from Diesel to Hydrogen through Fuel Cells.
This initiative is executed by the consortium led by the Federico Santa María Technical University (currently being evaluated by Corfo), with the participation of the National Hydrogen Center (CNH2-Spain), Ballard Power Systems (Canada), Chilean Sustainability Agency (Ex – Achee), Fundación Hidrogen del Aragón (Spain), and Linde, in addition to the support of NEL Hydrogen, Capital SA Administradora General de Fondos (Aurus), Asociación Chilena de Energía Renovable (Acera), Sociedad Nacional de Minería (Sonami), Metalpar , Bozzo Energy, Siemens, Collahuasi, Instituto Nacional de Normalización (INN) and Codelco, as interested parties.
Finally, there is a project to develop fuel modules that use batteries and green hydrogen in Chilean mining, which seeks to develop hybrid powertrain modules for the mining sector in the country, and thus replace conventional diesel ones with batteries made up of the latest technology and hydrogen fuel cells (green H2).
This project is one of the winners of the 2020 version of Corfo’s Innova Alta Tecnología Program and will be developed by the applied research center of Australian origin Csiro Chile, Engie and Mining3.