One in four (25%) women who are victims of physical domestic violence and one in 10 who experience sexual violence have suffered injuries and / or psychological problems as a result of the most serious incident of physical or sexual violence experienced in the past. Last 12 months, according to the High Commission for Planning (HCP).
Among these victims, psychological disorders are reported by 60.2% following physical violence and 79% following sexual violence, specifies the HCP which has just unveiled the results relating to the social cost of violence against women. Against Women and Girls, taken from the 2019 National Survey on Violence Against Women and Men.
The most common psychological consequences of physical and sexual violence are feelings of nervousness, frustration and anxiety (24% in cases of physical violence and 18% in cases of sexual violence), sleep disturbances (16% and 17% ), a feeling of permanent fatigue (15% and 16%), indicates the same source.
“A beaten woman will suffer psychologically, it is obvious, and there are important consequences: loss of confidence in herself and in others, fear, stress, anxieties, withdrawal into oneself, nervousness and irritability with those around him, feeling of shame, guilt, low self-esteem, depression, suicidal ideation and attempts and suicide… ”, explains Btissam Benjelloun, psychologist and couple therapist in the Benjelloun psychology practice.
And to add: “This psychological suffering varies according to a set of factors: the financial autonomy of the victim, his psychological support at the family level, his personal resources which may or may not allow him to escape from this toxic relationship. The repercussions also vary according to the duration and the severity of the abuse experienced, the exposure to other traumatic events during the life… ”.
The results of the said survey also show that in the event of physical violence, these women present scratches and bruises (52.2%), sprains and dislocations (11.2%), deep incisions and serious injuries (5, 5%), injuries to the eardrum or eyes (5%), fractures or fissures of the bones (5.2%), broken teeth (4.9%).
In cases of sexual violence, victims mostly suffer from injuries and tears in the genitals (13.6%), hemorrhages (11.7%), sexually transmitted diseases (9%), injuries and bruises ( 6.6%), as well as unwanted pregnancies (3.5%), underlines the HCP.
“Any violence towards a person leads him to react according to his own defensive system; and depending on the importance of the physical and psychological aggression, there may be more or less significant damage ”, comments for his part, Dr. Hachem Tyal, psychiatrist, psychotherapist and psychoanalyst.
“Often, the victim will express a number of symptoms as a consequence of this physical and psychological violence: anxiety, lasting discomfort, psyco-somatic sensations, pain in the heart, gastroenteritis problems, of the urogenital tract, or physical symptoms. of psychological origin ”, continues the expert who also quotes“ depressive symptoms and post-traumatic stress syndrome sometimes even several months after the assault ”.
Violence suffered in public spaces
In addition, harmful effects on the physical and psychological health of victims are also caused by the violence suffered in public spaces.
Also, within this space, women suffer from psychological disorders (34.3% of the consequences of physical violence and 79.1% of the consequences of sexual assault) and present multiple physical problems, including bruises and scratches (63.7% for physical violence and 20.5% for sexual assault).
Dr. Hachem Tyal underlines “the absolute necessity of helping victims of violence, first of all by giving them a framework which allows them to express themselves”. “We must put in place a whole upstream (prevention) and downstream care to avoid the disasters observed in a significant number of cases, especially in this period of health crisis”, he recommends, insisting on the fact that “the financial factor must not prevent these women from being helped and supported in the face of this violence which must also be treated by the competent legal services”.
Carried out by the HCP with the support of UN Women – Morocco, as part of the national and international mobilization campaign for the elimination of violence against women, this survey was carried out between February and July 2019.
The study of the social cost of violence focused on the population of girls and women aged 15 to 74 who reported having had experiences of physical and / or sexual violence in the past 12 months. It is also appreciated according to the context of violence, whether it be conjugal, family, in the workplace, in the study area and in public places.