With the decline of the skin’s self-healing ability, the skin of the elderly is relatively prone to skin dark spots and lesions; the picture shows a situational photo. (Picture taken from freepik)
[Health Channel/Comprehensive Report]When taking care of the elders at home, if you observe carefully, you will find that their skin seems to be relatively thin and dry. Chen Yuxing, the chief physician of the Department of Dermatology of Shuanghe Hospital of the Ministry of Health and Welfare, said that the skin is the largest organ of the human body, but the same They will also age naturally. At the same time, they share the tips for maintaining and caring for their skin. They also remind people to seek medical attention immediately if they find injuries or pathological changes when caring for their elders.
Chen Yuying’s Facebook fan page “Chen Yuxing Dermatologist“The article shared that the skin is divided into three layers from the outside to the inside, namely the epidermis (mainly the stratum corneum), the dermis, and the subcutaneous tissue. As the age increases, the epidermal cells gradually become flat and the regeneration rate slows down, the water content of the stratum corneum gradually decreases, the collagen as a support in the dermis layer gradually loses and the density of elastic fibers decreases, resulting in an unstable structure between the two, and the dermis layer becomes It will become thinner and lose its elasticity. In addition, the sweat glands and sebaceous glands in the dermis of the elderly will atrophy, resulting in reduced water and oil discharge, and the skin will also lose its due luster. In addition, the walls of blood vessels also become fragile, so a slight collision and friction of the skin will cause damage to the blood vessels, red blood cells will leak out, and the skin will be blue and purple.
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Chen Yuxuan pointed out that the skin has physical (including light), chemical and microbial defenses, thermoregulation and tactile sensation, as well as the function of sweat and sebaceous glands to expel water and body waste. Therefore, when the skin ages and becomes thinner, it will obviously lose its elasticity and produce wrinkles, and it will also weaken the resistance to external environmental stimuli, so it is easy to be infected, inflamed or red and swollen, and the subcutaneous fat will decrease. When the skin is hit, there is less cushioning. Bruises easily. In addition, with the decline of the skin’s self-healing ability, the skin of the elderly is relatively prone to skin dark spots, lesions and even tumors. To sum up, the common problems of aging skin are dry and fragile, wrinkles, age spots.
Skin Care and Care
Nutritional balance:With a balanced diet and adequate water intake, vitamin C can prevent dark spots, promote collagen proliferation and reduce wrinkles, as well as protect blood vessels and strengthen endothelial cells of blood vessels; vitamin E can resist oxidation and prevent damage caused by free radicals.
clean:It is not advisable to clean too frequently, and use warm water to clean, because hot water can easily damage the protective layer of the skin and accelerate the loss of water; take a bath or a bath instead of taking a bath, avoid alkaline soap, and use a neutral shower gel instead to reduce skin irritation.
Moisturizing:Use an appropriate amount of moisturizing lotion every day to keep the skin hydrated. Compared with young people, the elderly can use more oily/moisturizing skin care products. In autumn and winter, the skin is drier and more itchy, and more attention should be paid to moisturizing.
Clothing material:It is best to choose pure cotton clothing to reduce skin irritation from clothing fibers or wool.
Care:When taking care of elders, you should move slowly and carefully, do not collide or pull, and if you are injured, even small wounds should be treated immediately.
Avoid sunlight:Do a good job of sun protection to avoid UV damage, use sunscreen with SPF30 or above, or use long sleeves, sun hats, sunglasses, and parasols to effectively isolate UV rays.
Chen Yuxuan mentioned that male androgens make the skin thicker than females at first, but it will continue to become thinner with age. The rate of thinning of males’ skin is relatively fast. Because women also have estrogen, they usually reach the age of 50. Only after menopause changes, estrogen begins to reduce the rate of skin aging will accelerate.
In addition, if people find that their elders have injuries or pathological changes, such as skin cancer, cellulitis, fungal infections, bedsores or scabies, they should go to the doctor immediately.