Like every year, on June 29 the religious holiday is commemorated in honor of Saint Peter and Saint Paul. In the same way, as is customary throughout the Peruvian coast, Fisherman’s Day is celebrated.
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In the Christian calendar, the date serves to commemorate the martyrdom of Simon Peter and Paul of Tarsus, two of the apostles who accompanied Christ in his evangelizing mission.
Historiographic and exegetical analyzes indicate that Saint Peter and Saint Paul died in Rome under Nero, and according to Catholic tradition, June 29 is the anniversary of their deaths or of the transfer of their relics.
SAN PEDRO AND SAN PABLO DAY
On June 29, the Solemnity of Saint Peter and Saint Paul, the day in which the Christian virtues of two of the greatest and most recognized apostles who defended the Gospel with their lives are recognized. They are celebrated on the same date for the following reasons:
They are founders of the Church of Rome
After the resurrection and ascension of Christ, Peter assumed the head of the Church, led the Apostles, and saw to it that the disciples kept the faith alive. Paul is recognized as the apostle to the Gentiles and spent the rest of his life preaching the Gospel tirelessly to the nations of the Mediterranean world.
They are the spiritual column of the Church
According to ACI Prensa, in 2015, Pope Francis declared that Saint Peter, Saint Paul and the Virgin Mary “are our fellow travelers in search of God; they are our guide on the path of faith and holiness; they push us towards Jesus, to do everything He asks of us ”.
They both suffered in Rome
Saint Peter and Saint Paul were arrested and martyred in the Mamertine prison, also called the Tullianum, located in Ancient Rome. Saint Peter was crucified in 64 with his head down at his own request, because he did not consider himself worthy to die like Jesus. He was buried on the Vatican hill and St. Peter’s Basilica is built over his grave.
While Saint Paul was beheaded three years later. He is buried in Rome, in the Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls.
They are patrons of Rome and representatives of the Gospel
In 2012, Pope Benedict XVI called these two apostles “principal patrons of the Church of Rome.” He also specified that “the Christian tradition has always considered Saint Peter and Saint Paul inseparable: together, in effect, they represent the entire Gospel of Christ.”
They are the opposite version of Cain and Abel
That year, during the homily for the Solemnity of Saint Peter and Saint Paul, the pope also presented an opposite parallel with the Old Testament brotherhood between Cain and Abel.
Benedict XVI said that “while the first biblical pair of brothers shows us the effect of sin, by which Cain kills Abel, Peter and Paul, although humanly very different from each other, and despite the fact that there was no lack of conflicts in their relationship, they have constituted a new way of being brothers, lived according to the Gospel, an authentic way made possible by the grace of the Gospel of Christ working in them ”.
WHO WAS SAN PEDRO?
Peter, the fragile and passionate friend of Jesus, was the man chosen by Christ to be “the rock” of the Church. Moving from Jerusalem to Antioch, he founded his Christian community. Later he established his residence in Rome. He humbly accepted his mission until his death as a martyr. His tomb in St. Peter’s Basilica in the Vatican is the goal of millions of pilgrims who come from all over the world.
WHO WAS SAN PABLO?
Paul, the persecutor of Christians, was known as Saul of Tarsus before his conversion. After the encounter with Christ, he continued to Damascus where he was baptized. He is recognized as the apostle to the Gentiles, a model of evangelizer for all Catholics because after meeting Jesus on his way, he spent the rest of his life preaching the Gospel.