How much does the rise in electricity affect the final bill of households?

Around the 50-55% of the final invoice corresponds to tolls (the component with which the maintenance cost of the transmission and distribution networks is paid) and the charges (with which costs such as the promotion of renewables, the provision of services on the islands or the past income deficits of the system are financed). The rest are taxes, a field in which the Government has approved the VAT reduction from 21% to 10% and the suspension of tribute on generation electricity until the end of the year to try to mitigate the rise in wholesale costs.

The third vice president, Teresa Ribera, highlighted this Monday that users benefiting from the regulated PVPC rate have suffered a average price increase on your receipt in the first semester of this year of 6,9%, while consumers who are in the free market (about 17 million) have registered a 4.6% cheaper. This difference is due to the fact that the regulated tariff is linked to the price of electricity in the wholesale market, while in the free market companies and their customers they ‘agree’ on a fixed price in most cases (in the long run, however, it is foreseeable that your rate will also rise to reflect the wholesale price increase).

This does not imply that the second market is more convenient. Ribera also stressed that, “even in this first semester”, the PVPC rate it was between January and June on average 20% cheaper than those of the free market. An average consumer of the regulated market, he added, paid 598 euros in all of 2018, 562 euros in 2019, 512 euros last year and, projecting current record prices, 640 euros in 2021, that is, “something less than 55 euros per month“, but in any case” important figures for some families. ”

According to the comparator of the National Commission of Markets and Competition (CNMC), the electricity bill for a typical consumer -with a contracted power of 4.4 kilowatts and an annual consumption of 3,000 kilowatt hours (250 KWh / month), under the regulated tariff- was 67.90 euros between July 30 and August 30. This is a 33% more expensive (about 17 euros) than on the same dates of the previous year.


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