Human Rights Watch warns of “consolidation of dictatorships” in America



Archive-The President of Venezuela, Nicolás Maduro, the President of Cuba, Miguel Díaz Canel and the President of Nicaragua, Daniel Ortega, together with the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Cuba, Bruno Rodríguez, speak before the inauguration of the XVII ALBA summit- TCP, in Havana, Cuba, on December 14, 2019.


© AFP / Ramón Espinoza
Archive-The President of Venezuela, Nicolás Maduro, the President of Cuba, Miguel Díaz Canel and the President of Nicaragua, Daniel Ortega, together with the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Cuba, Bruno Rodríguez, speak before the inauguration of the XVII ALBA summit- TCP, in Havana, Cuba, on December 14, 2019.

The human rights defender organization Human Rights Watch (HRW), warned about the consolidation of dictatorships in Latin America, with the regimes in Cuba, Venezuela and Nicaragua. In his annual report, he highlighted the absence of leadership to defend human rights in the region.

The “dictatorships” in Cuba, Venezuela, and Nicaragua contributed to making 2020 one of Latin America’s worst years in terms of human rights. This was stated by Human Rights Watch in its annual report released this Wednesday, January 13.

The organization assured that the rulers of those countries “consolidate” their “dictatorial” regimes, as it indicated that, despite international pressure, complaints and evidence of atrocious crimes for which these three administrations are responsible, “they are more stronger than ever ”.

“Last year has probably been one of the worst years for human rights, I would dare to say, in the last three decades”, assured the director of HRW for the Americas, José Miguel Vivanco, in the presentation of the World Report 2021 , which was carried out by the organization dedicated to investigating and promoting human rights.

Vivanco: Venezuela eliminated “the last democratic reserve in the country”

In the case of Venezuela, Vivanco said that it is an example of one of the “most dramatic cases” of arbitrariness in the region, after “eliminating the last democratic reserve in the country,” in reference to the actions of Chavismo with which he snatched the control of the National Assembly, which in the 2015 elections had won the opposition with a resounding victory at the polls.

Last December’s elections were boycotted by opponents of Chavismo and plagued with allegations of fraud, especially after the Nicolás Maduro administration appointed directors of the CNE, in charge of supervising the elections. A decision that, according to the Constitution of the country, corresponds to the National Assembly, for that moment of opposition majority.

In addition, the Court appointed figures from the shadow of the ruling party, widely known as allies of Chavismo, to leadership positions.

As a consequence of what he describes as a dictatorship, the director for the Americas of HRW stressed that “Venezuela is also an example of a very deep humanitarian crisis, a humanitarian emergency that has generated a massive exodus of Venezuelans to the rest of the region.” .

With regard to Cuba, Vivanco pointed out flaws in the absence of an international consensus to condemn and press for an end to the “abuses” of his government against citizens.

He also said that the condemnation by some countries of the United States‘ embargo on the island generates an international division that is exploited by the Miguel Díaz-Canel Administration.

Regarding Nicaragua, he said that the situation has become more critical, due to the new laws promoted by President Daniel Ortega cut all kinds of freedoms and repress citizens.

HRW notes that Brazil and Mexico are led by “populist” presidents and “demagogues”

José Miguel Vivanco indicated that in part the permissiveness in the violation of human rights in these nations is due to the lack of leadership in the region, which makes it more difficult to confront dictatorships.

“This is especially notorious because the two giants of Latin America, the most populous countries, with the greatest weight and which obviously exercise enormous influence in their region, and I am referring fundamentally to Brazil and Mexico, are led by populist leaders, by demagogues. “, he pointed.

According to Vivanco, although the governments of Jair Bolsonaro and Andrés Manuel López Obrador “represent opposite points of the ideological spectrum, in both cases there is a profound contempt for democratic values, for public freedoms, for human rights, for the rule of law” .

He added that in Mexico, human rights violations, including torture, forced disappearances, abuses against migrants, extrajudicial executions and attacks against journalists and human rights defenders continue during the government of Andrés Manuel López Obrador.

With AP and EFE

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