The ICovid Chile team, an initiative led by the University of Chile, the Pontifical Catholic University of Chile and the University of Concepción, presented its report number 59 where it warns that The increase in cases throughout the country continues, reversing the downward trend of recent months.
According to the latest report, viral load is reaching 3.9 cases per 100,000 inhabitants, standing in the yellow indicator, and at the regional level, it was observed that cases increased in practically all regions at the end of September, with a slight decrease in the first two days of October.
The regions with the highest rates of new cases per 100,000 inhabitants are Arica-Parinacota (12), Tarapacá (8,0), Antofagasta (6.7) and Atacama (5.6). While the lowest are presented in Coquimbo (2,3), O´Higgins (2,3), Biobio (2,1), The Araucanía (2,0), The rivers (2,2) and The lakes (2.3), being Magallanes the only one that did not present increases at the end of September, with a rate of around 0.3.
With regard to transmission, the effective reproduction number (Effective R) it did not reach a safe level and almost all of August remained in orange color, reaching the Red on September 7 and staying like this to date with levels between 1 and 1.2, that is, with transmission on the rise.
Despite the above, as they point out, “the transmission shows a downward trend since the end of September, without reaching green in the following regions: Antofagasta, Coquimbo, Metropolitana, O’Higgins, Maule, Biobío, La Araucanía, Los Ríos, Los Lagos, and Aysén “.
TESTING AND POSITIVITY
Regarding positivity, a value of 1.3% is reached at the national level, similar to the 1.3% of the previous week. While, almost all regions of the country have kept the test positivity rates below 2%, with the exception of those in the south that have values lower than 1%.
In any case, the ICovid researchers state that “increasing the taking of PCR tests is an important part of the pandemic control strategy” and that “a testing capacity of 17.7 tests per thousand inhabitants on average is maintained. weekly”.
On traceability, the report indicates that the early consultation indicator, which calculates the proportion of people who had a visit to the doctor 24 hours after symptoms began, is 79.7% with yellow color. This trend shows an improvement since mid-January and is reaching the green threshold of 80%.
Meanwhile, lowest values at the national level are in the region of Tarapacá (48.6%) and Aysén (53.3%), compared to the rest of the regions. Observing remarkable values in Biobío (90.0%) and Valparaíso (85.7%).
The indicator of examination and laboratory time, which measures the percentage of tests reported to the Ministry of Health in a day or two since the symptoms began, remained relatively stable in orange, since in general the regions have stabilized at values above 50%.
HOSPITALIZATION AND VACCINATION
Regarding the hospital occupancy of ICU beds, the report indicates that at the national level it remained at 85%, showing a small increase compared to the previous week (82%) after falling for several weeks.
At the local level, variations below 70% were exhibited in Arica, Tarapacá, Maule, Ñuble, Los Ríos, Aysén and Magallanes, while Antofagasta, Coquimbo, Biobío, La Araucanía and Los Lagos are around 80-85%. In addition, they highlight the high occupancy around 90% in the Antofagasta, Valparaíso and Metropolitan regions.
Regarding the indicator of use of ICU beds by patients with Covid-19, This has maintained a sustained decline since mid-June to date, being in its lowest level of the entire pandemic at around 16%.
In all regions this indicator does not exceed 20%, with the exception of the Atacama region with 22%. “Hospital demand for COVID-19 patients appears to be under control in recent weeks,” the report reads.
The report also states that the reduction in ICU beds with Covid patients is homogeneous with respect to age groups, since all of them decreased their occupancy by 7-15% in the last week.
A possible explanation for the above phenomenon would be “the advancement in the booster dose campaign for this age group,” as they point out. “Currently there are 2 million people over 60 who have already received the booster dose (out of a total of 3 million who completed their vaccination cycle),” they detail.
Finally, regarding the vaccination coverage Covid-19 have been inoculated with complete scheme to 13.5 million people of the target audience over 18 years of age, estimated at 15.2 million. In this way, a 89% coverage.
Meanwhile, all age groups have around 90% coverage, between 88% and 92%. In addition, about 30.5 million doses in total were inoculated, of which 20 million correspond to Sinovac.