José Antonio De La Chica, a specialist in Cardiac Imaging, highlights that “vigorous physical exercise maintained throughout the months causes adaptive changes in the heart.”
Dr. José Antonio De La Chica, specialist in Cardiac Imaging of the Cardiology Service of the Hospital Quirónsalud Málaga, has highlighted that cardiovascular examination in amateur athletes is just as necessary and essential as in professional athletes, since “currently, many of the amateur athletes perform a vigorous exercise load very similar to that of elite professionals and a basic cardiological examination can prevent unfortunate cases of sudden death within this population group “.
In the last decade, high intensity physical exercise has exploded among the general population, which is why many amateur athletes usually and must go to the cardiology consultation to find out if they are out of danger when they perform demanding activities, such as marathons, ultra trails or triathlons, among other sports specialties.
De La Chica states that “vigorous physical exercise maintained throughout the months causes adaptive changes in the heart.” “Perhaps the best known is bradycardia at rest or a heart rate below 60 beats per minute. But this is not the only one; the amateur athlete’s heart also dilates and hypertrophies to meet the high demand for oxygen supply which occurs during high intensity efforts “, he added.
In the elite athlete, research efforts have focused mainly on differentiating the athlete’s heart from hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, one of the most feared inherited diseases of the heart muscle in the world of sport.
However, the doctor highlights that “as a result of the research they have just published, noncompaction cardiomyopathy in which the heart develops a spongy morphology is another disease that should be taken into account, since its appearance is very similar to the adaptive changes that occur in healthy athletes “.
“Our effort is aimed at distinguishing which athletes may have this genetically based disease and which others simply have a physiological adaptation to vigorous exercise, to prevent the disease from progressing in the former and so that the practice of sport is not unnecessarily interrupted in the former. seconds, “says the doctor and researcher De la Chica.
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