If more than 3 polyps and larger than 1 cm, colonoscopy is required ‘within 3 years’
[한스경제=홍성익 보건복지선임기자] Colorectal cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in Korea 3a stomach disease. 2019The annual colorectal cancer mortality 17.5number of people(population 10deaths per million people)was. this is 10years ago 2009colorectal cancer mortality 14.3than people 22.1% with an increased number, It surpassed the mortality rate of gastric cancer, the representative cancer in Korea..
Colorectal cancer is also known as gastric cancer among domestic cancers., thyroid cancer, fourth after lung cancer(2018 National Cancer Registration Statistics)occurs a lot with. 2018Number of new cases of colorectal cancer diagnosed each year 2just7909number of people, The total number of colorectal cancer patients in the same year 26just5291was a person. colorectal cancer patients 60%is male.
Hereditary colorectal cancer accounts for 5%occupy. The causative gene is not yet clear.. Environmental factors also influence the incidence of colorectal cancer.. The study found that the incidence of colorectal cancer increased in Asians who immigrated to the United States or Australia.. red meat, animal fat, Habit of eating too much processed meat, such as sausages, increases colorectal cancer risk.
another high calorie, insufficient fiber, lack of physical activity, excessive drinking, Smoking is also a risk factor.. inflammatory bowel disease or diabetes, Obese patients are more likely to develop colorectal cancer.
◇colonic bleeding ‘dark red’, hemorrhoids ‘scarlet’ bloody stool…Colorectal specialist treatment required
If you see blood in your stool, you should suspect colon cancer.. It is easy to confuse hemorrhoids because their symptoms are similar. The color is different from the bloody stool caused by hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids show mainly bright red bleeding.
Colorectal cancer varies depending on the location of the cancer and the amount of bleeding.. Bleeding from the upper part of the large intestine is black or dark red blood mixed with the stool.. the end of the large intestine ‘rectal’Tumor bleeding close to the bleeder produces more red blood.. However, it is difficult to distinguish colorectal cancer by color alone.. Think of it as a sign that you need to go to the hospital..
Sungmin Jung, Professor of Surgery at Ilsan Paik Hospital “In many cases, it is difficult to clearly distinguish between colorectal cancer and hemorrhoids.”as, “Once bloody stool symptoms persist, it is important to consult a colorectal specialist to accurately identify the symptoms.”said.
◇polyp(adenoma) 3more than·1cmgreater than ‘3within a year’ Have a colonoscopy
If colonoscopy is performed 40~60% degree polyps are found. among them ‘seeds of cancer’can be said ‘adenoma(Adenoma·adenoma)’do 50%is found about. no polyps 10mm the following adenomas 1~2If the dog has been completely removed, 5~10After a year, you will have a colonoscopy..
But △adenoma 3more than △adenoma size 10mm more △organizational form; Cell ductal villous or villous adenoma △tumor tissue different from normal; Adenoma with high dysplasia △10mm If you have an abnormally sized serrated polyp 3Follow-up colonoscopy is required within a year.
Professor Sungmin Jeong “45From the age of three, even if there are no symptoms 5~10It is recommended to have colonoscopy every year”as, “If there is a family history of colorectal cancer, the age of the patient 10It is recommended to have it inspected years in advance.”advised.
◇Colorectal Cancer Prevention, ‘Physical activity colorectal cancer risk 27% lower it’…eating habits ‘Reduce processed meat, need to increase fiber’
Regular exercise is important to prevent colon cancer. A meta-analysis of studies found that people who were physically active had a lower risk of colon cancer than those who were less active. 27% decreased. The exact mechanism by which physical activity reduces the risk of colorectal cancer remains unknown.. It is presumed to be caused by shortening of intestinal transit time or hormonal changes..
A healthy diet is also necessary.. Fiber-rich foods shorten intestinal transit time. It reduces the amount of time carcinogens come into contact with the intestinal mucosa.. Red meat increases cancer risk, Reduce intake of animal fats and processed meats such as sausages. Sweet sugar to make it sweet, Reduce the use of disaccharides and polysaccharides(oligosaccharide) recommended to use.
appropriate amount of seaweed, Seaweed such as seaweed and oats rich in resistant starch, unprocessed grains, pulses, It is good to eat corn, etc.. folic acid, vitaminD, vitamin B6, calcium, It is also helpful to take an appropriate amount to avoid magnesium deficiency..
Professor Sungmin Jeong “The most desirable treatment for cancer is prevention and early diagnosis.”said, “Colorectal cancer corrects several modifiable environmental risk factors, Efforts to actively find and remove adenomas through colonoscopy are the prevention and early treatment methods for colorectal cancer.”emphasized that.