KOMPAS.com – Indonesia is now facing a war against the Covid-19 pandemic.
According to data from the 2017 National Team for the Acceleration of Poverty Reduction (TNP2K), the prevalence of stunting in Indonesia ranks fifth in the world. Of the 159 million stunting children worldwide, 9 million live in Indonesia.
The results of the Indonesian Toddler Nutrition Status Survey (SSGBI) in 2019 even showed that the prevalence of stunting reached 27.67 percent. That is, every 10 Indonesian children, there are 3 of them who experience stunting.
This figure is also still above the limit required by the World Health Organization (WHO), which is 20 percent.
To note, stunting is a condition of failure to thrive in children under five due to chronic malnutrition, especially in the First 1000 Days of Life (HPK) due to zinc deficiency (Zn).
Intermediate Researcher in Food and Nutrition Expertise at the Center for Appropriate Technology Research (P2TTG) of the Indonesian Research Institute (LIPI), Dr. Ainia Herminiati ST MSi, revealed, the problem child nutrition is one of the socio-economic impacts on children caused by the Covid-19 pandemic.
In fact, he said, 24 million children under five had a higher risk of experiencing malnutrition or malnutrition during the Covid-19 pandemic. Meanwhile, stunting is also a long-standing food problem.
In fact, besides having a role in fulfilling the nutritional needs and growth and development of children, daily nutrition can affect a child’s health condition and determine the future of the Indonesian nation.
“So, there needs to be essential nutrient-rich commodities for children that can support their nutritional needs for at least two months,” Ainia said in an online discussion titled Danone SN Indonesia Collaboration and LIPI to Support Children’s Nutrition in the Pandemic Period, Thursday (9 / 7/2020).