In Burma, a poll that marks the division of the country

Bolstered by a big victory, Aung San Suu Kyi’s party, the National League for Democracy, will rule an increasingly divided country.

The vote in Burma on November 8 ensures a triumph for the ruling party, the National League for Democracy (LND), and its very popular State Councilor, Aung San Suu Kyi [chef de l’État de fait]. The preliminary results announced the day after the poll, and confirmed since, consecrate another crushing victory, as in 2015 [les premières élections libres après cinquante années de régime militaire]. The party wins most of the central regions of the country as well as Rangoon, the economic capital of the country.

This victory was not in doubt. But its scale is surprising, especially since the elections took place in the midst of the Covid-19 epidemic: most of the inhabitants of Rangoon were confined and for many candidates the travel and quarantine restrictions complicated the organization of the campaign. This did not prevent the holding of large electoral rallies in certain rural regions and provincial towns. Many supporters of the NLD have ignored the risk of contamination.

Weakened ethnic parties

The main opposition party, the Union for Solidarity and Development Party (USDP), suffered an even more bitter setback than five years ago, losing many seats, especially in Naypyidaw, the capital. [L’USDP conteste le résultat du scrutin et demande de nouvelles élections.] This is a sign that the USDP no longer enjoys the full support of the Burmese army, the Tatmadaw, even if the two institutions remain close. The result of the ballot signals both the opposition of the Burmese to the involvement of the military in the


David Scott Mathieson

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Known as Nikkei Asian Review until September 2020, the magazine Nikkei Asia retains the same editorial line. A rigorous coverage of Asia which underlines the interest of the Japanese group Nikkei on the


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