Influence of diet on blood sugar levels

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What is blood sugar?

Blood sugar, even Glucose (or Glucose) called, is a so-called “Simple sugar“That is not linked to other sugar molecules. He’ll be about that nourishment recorded. It does not have to be broken down by digestive enzymes and so gets through the intestinal wall into the blood very quickly.

Glucose is an indispensable supplier of energy for our body cells and primarily feeds the brain and nerve cells. In order for glucose to get into the cells of our body, it has to be in the pancreas educated Hormone Insulin to be available. When resting, an adult needs an average of around 200 g of glucose per day, of which the brain alone uses 75%.

Diabetes mellitus

For healthy body functions – especially in the brain and nerve cells – it is important that insulin can be produced and processed in sufficient quantities. The so-called Diabetes is today called “Mellitus diabetes“(Translated:” Honey-sweet flow “). It results from a lack of the hormone insulin or a malfunction, which in turn leads to an increased blood sugar level (Blood sugar level) leads. Sufficient glucose can no longer be taken from the blood and transported into the body’s cells.

A distinction is made between two types of Diabetes: Type I has a deficiency in the hormone insulin. This can be treated by taking the missing hormone directly through appropriate medication. In type II there is enough insulin from the pancreas produced; however, the body cannot process the insulin properly. Type II diabetes is prevalent in developed consumer societies. In Germany around eight million people – i.e. 10 percent of the population – suffer from this type of diabetes, which makes up 90 percent of all cases of diabetes mellitus.

A question of lifestyle

Type II diabetes is not congenital; it is acquired over the course of life. The main causes are a lack of exercise and an unhealthy diet.

diabetesDE – German Diabetes Aid has been dealing with the Influence of diet on blood sugar levels or the questions of a healthy lifestyle.

According to this organization it could be “Reduce the rate of new cases of type 2 diabetes by around 60 percent through a healthy diet and more exercise. … In terms of nutrition, this means: more whole grain products, plenty fruit and vegetables, preferably vegetable oils. on carbohydrates People with diabetes do not have to go without it. diabetesDE advises those affected to take the three-dimensional approach Food pyramid of the German Nutrition Society (DGE) to orientate.

Contrary to some Dietswho recommend eating as few carbohydrates as possible, recommends the DGE as well as diabetesDE to consume at least 50 percent of the daily energy in the form of carbohydrates. Whole grain products in particular are rich in Fiber and therefore fill you up better than white flour products. Fats should only consume up to 30 percent of the daily energy. Because especially the rich enjoyment of saturated ones Fatty acids, the so-called “bad” fats, are responsible for the famous bacon on the hip. “

Fitness, Sports
In type 1 and 2 diabetes, regular physical activity can, among other things, help reduce blood sugar levels, but also blood pressure or Blood fat-Values ​​to improve.
Photo: Anupam Mahapatra, Unsplash

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