The last minute pressure of the European signatories of the nuclear pact, the visit of the director of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to Tehran and the green light of the United States to return to the negotiation table they have not been enough to deter the Islamic republic, which is pushing ahead with its plan to restrict inspections by IAEA experts.
The meeting held this Sunday ended with a minimum agreement by which the UN nuclear watchdog will be able to continue with the activities of verification and monitoring “Necessary”, although there will be less access and no more rapid inspections, said his boss, Rafael Grossi, at the end of the meeting. “What we agreed is something that is viable, it is useful to close this gap that we are having, it saves the situation now,” Grossi admitted.
It is a “temporary solution” of three months to maintain a “satisfactory” surveillance that seeks to control the scope of the Iranian nuclear program, although inspections will be limited from Tuesday, as announced by the Islamic republic. “Access will be reduced, Let’s not fool ourselvesBut we will be able to maintain the necessary level of surveillance and verification, ”Grossi said upon his return from Tehran.
This is not an ultimatum. Like any other democracy, we must apply a law approved by Parliament. But it is not a move to abandon the agreement, ”declared Foreign Minister Javad Zarif.
The head of Iranian diplomacy insisted once again that “as soon as they fulfill the agreement, we will also return to fulfill it in its entirety“In reference to Tehran’s demand that the United States lift the sanctions imposed unilaterally by Donald Trump in 2018. Punishments that have cost the country’s economy around a trillion dollars, according to Zarif, who hopes” some kind of compensation in this regard.
The law, which will take effect tomorrow, was passed in Parliament following the November assassination of scientist Mohsen Fakhrizadeh. The deputies then agreed to limit cooperation with international inspectors until Washington lifted sanctions, but for now no movements at the White House at this address. “In my opinion, inspections will be reduced by 20 to 30% after the application of the norm,” said the Deputy Foreign Minister, Abas Araghchi.
Reasons for concern
IAEA director Rafael Grossi traveled to Iran to “find a mutually acceptable solution.” Tehran’s ambassador to this UN agency, Kazem Gharibabadi, declared that “we have held fruitful discussions based on mutual respect ‘, but did not provide further details. In addition to restrictions on inspectors, the Islamic Republic has returned to producing uranium metal, which is necessary to produce atomic fuel but can also be used to make the core of a nuclear warhead. At the same time, it has started to enrich uranium to a purity of 20%, a far cry from the 3.67% allowed, and has started up state-of-the-art centrifuges. These are the steps that qualify as “reversible” as soon as Joe Biden lifts the punishment.
The Iranians are moving step by step away from the agreement signed in 2015, a pact that Trump abandoned and that Biden now says he wants to take back. «The United States would accept an invitation from the High Representative of the European Union to attend a meeting of the P5 + 1 (group made up of the United States, United Kingdom, France, Germany, Russia and China) and Iran to discuss a diplomatic channel to advance the Iranian nuclear program, “announced the State Department last week in a gesture that broke with the four years of frentism of the previous occupant of the White House.
We need actions, not promises. We want to see a change in attitude so that the arbitrariness that began with Trump is not repeated, “Zarif responded to this possibility of returning to dialogue. In this context, the Tehran regime is studying the new window that opens with the United States, but they announced that they will only make a decision “after consult with friends and allies like China and Russia, “said Araghchi.