Iran’s regime has significantly increased its enriched uranium reserves in recent monthsalthough he continues to deny wanting to acquire the atomic bomb, according to a report by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).
The UN agency noted, however, the “advances” in cooperation and decided to close the file on the presence of nuclear matter in one of the three undeclared sites, an issue that had hindered relations between the IAEA and the regime for years. Iranian.
Last year, relations between Iran and Western powers deteriorated and the Islamic Republic limited its communications with the IAEA and unplugged security cameras.
Besides, continued to breach its commitments made in the 2015 international agreement following the unilateral withdrawal of the United States from the pact, in 2018.
Its enriched uranium reserves are already more than 23 times higher than the authorized limit: on May 13, they reached 4,744.5 kg, compared to the 3,760.8 kg reported in October; according to the report presented to the Member States days before the meeting of the IAEA Board of Governors.
The Iranian regime continues to enrich uranium to high levels, above the set threshold (3.67%): it has 470.9 kg enriched to 20% (compared to the 434.7 kg it had up to now) and 114.1 kg enriched to 60% (compared to 87.5 kg registered in October).
Regarding the Marivan site, in southern Iran, the IAEA indicated that Tehran had communicated “plausible explanations” and that the organization “has no further questions” on that matter, “considered resolved for the moment.”
However, the agency stands by its previous assessments on the matter, according to which, Iran had planned in 2003 to store nuclear materials there for explosives tests.
As agreed with the IAEA Director General, Rafael GrossiIn a joint statement in March, Iran has allowed the reinstallation of surveillance cameras at two enrichment plants and a workshop where it produces compounds for uranium processing.
In any case, Grossi points out in the report, Doubts remain open and pending about traces found in two other facilities not declared as atomic in Iran.
Without the clarification of these pending issues, within the framework of the safeguards (controls) agreement between Iran and the IAEA, the nuclear agency cannot give guarantees about the exclusively peaceful nature of the Iranian nuclear program.
In early 2021, Iran significantly curtailed the access of IAEA experts to nuclear facilities in Iran, which compromises the ability of inspectors to verify nuclear activities in the Islamic Republic.
United States, then under the Republican president Donald Trumpleft the agreement known as JCPOA in 2018, while Iran began to breach its obligations a year later, both in terms of uranium production and in terms of access granted to IAEA inspectors.
The current head of the White House, the Democrat Joe Bidentried to revive the agreement but negotiations with Iran and the other powers of the JCPOA (China, Russia, France, Germany and the United Kingdom) stalled.
Since the start of the war in Ukraine and the violent repression of the protests in Iran, the talks have been completely suspended, with no notices of power that they will be reactivated for now.
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