James Webb fascinates the world with a picture of a galaxy that gained its shape from the collision of two galaxies

The “Cartwheel” galaxy, known as the Cartwheel in English, gained its strange shape after an amazing collision between two galaxies, according to NASA, on its website, which published on Tuesday a new image taken by the James Webb Space Telescope of the galaxy located in the “Sculptor’s constellation.” The collision of the two galaxies Two rings expanding from the center of the galaxy “like ripples caused by throwing a stone in a pond” The smaller white ring remained closer to the center of the galaxy, while the outer ring with its colorful edges expanded in the universe 440 million years ago.

The Hubble telescope had taken pictures of this rare ring galaxy, which is believed to be a spiral galaxy like ours, the Milky Way, before it collided with a smaller intrusive galaxy, which is what we see in a video presented by “Al Arabiya.net” below. But the “James Webb” telescope, which has a much larger range, and uses infrared radiation, revealed new details about the formation of stars in the galaxy, 500 million light years from Earth, in addition to revealing the behavior of the supermassive black hole in its center, with amazing accuracy, according to what she said. NASA and the European Space Agency said in a joint statement on Tuesday that James Webb revealed in his new image the rotating color ring with unprecedented clarity.

The image also enabled the researchers to discover areas rich in hydrocarbons and other chemicals, in addition to dust similar to those found on Earth. They also discovered that the expansion of the outer ring causes it to flow into gas, which leads to the formation of new stars, as we find two small galaxies shining brightly behind the “cart wheel” while more galaxies can be seen behind them, to the extent that the image provides a new look at how the “wheel of the cart” changes “Over billions of years.

It is also clear from the image that the bright core contains a huge amount of hot dust, with the brightest regions being the home of giant young groups of stars, while the outer ring, which stretched for about 440 million years, is dominated by stars and supernovae, and when this ring expands, it They enter the surrounding gas and lead to star formation.

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