In its early hours like President of the United States, Joe Biden plans to sign a dozen executive orders to deal with the pandemic and overturn some of the most controversial decisions of its predecessor, Donald Trump, such as the exit from the Paris climate agreement and the veto of Muslim countries.
In interviews, speeches, and in up to 49 memos published throughout the election campaign, Biden He detailed what would be the measures that he would approve “on his first day” in the White House, in what he described as a “battle for the soul of the nation” against Trump.
Now, the moment of truth has come and Biden It will have to face four crises: the COVID-19 pandemic, the consequent economic weakness of the country, the climate crisis and the conflict over inequalities and racial violence in the United States.
These are the measures he will take on his first day in the White House, according to a letter circulated in recent days by his former Chief of Staff, Ron Klain:
MASKS AND ECONOMIC RELIEF AGAINST COVID-19
– Biden will ask Americans to wear face masks in federal facilities and on interstate transportation such as airplanes or buses, a move that will expand restrictions already imposed by local governments.
– Extend a measure to ban evictions, which will benefit an estimated 25 million Americans.
– It will order an extension of the moratorium on student loan payments in the country, something that will benefit 43 million Americans who in total owe 1.7 trillion dollars.
– Biden could begin tomorrow to pressure lawmakers to pass a $ 1.9 trillion economic stimulus plan, aimed at speeding up the distribution of COVID-19 vaccines and alleviate the effects of the pandemic on the economy. However, Congress is not expected to begin debating that plan until late January or early February.
THE PARIS AGREEMENT
– The Democratic leader will sign an executive order to reinstate U.S, the second most polluting country on the planet, in the Paris Agreement against climate change and from which the North American nation officially left on November 4, 2020 by order of Trump.
END TO THE MUSLIM VETO AND MIGRATORY REFORM
– Biden will end the immigration veto of Trump, which currently blocks nationals of 11 countries with significant Muslim populations (Eritrea, Iran, Kyrgyzstan, Libya, Myanmar, Nigeria, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tanzania, and Yemen) from entering the U.S., and includes restrictions for Venezuela and North Korea.
– Send to the US Congress an ambitious immigration reform that includes a way for 11 million undocumented people to access citizenship, an expansion of the asylum policy, and a plan to strengthen border security through the use of technology.
WHO AND THE RIGHTS OF TRANSGENDER PEOPLE
– During the campaign, Biden pledged to use his first day in power to prevent the U.S. from leaving the World Health Organization (WHO), a process that started Trump and which is scheduled to become effective in July 2021. However, the president-elect’s team has not revealed whether Biden he plans to take this action as soon as he arrives at the White House.
– The Democratic leader also promised that, on the first day, he would repeal the veto of Trump transgender people in the Army and that it would restore a rule passed by former President Barack Obama (2009-2017) to allow transgender public school students to use the restrooms based on the gender with which they identify.
10 DAYS FULL OF EXECUTIVE ORDERS
The measurements of the first day will be just an appetizer of what lies ahead in the next 10 days, when Biden He plans to sign executive orders to reunite separated families at the border, expand tests to detect the virus and safely reopen schools and businesses, according to the letter distributed by his chief of staff.
(With information from AFP)